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Data Grid

Collaborative Editing

Documentation

Multiple users can edit the DataGrid's data in real-time. In this demo, changes made in one DataGrid are broadcasted to the other DataGrid via the SignalR service.

To implement this functionality:

  1. Generate a session ID used to identify DataGrids that should be edited simultaneously (groupId in this demo).

  2. Configure CustomStores. In this demo, we use the createStore method (part of the DevExtreme.AspNet.data extension). The onBeforeSend function is used to send the session ID from step 1 to the server.

  3. Create store instances—one per DataGrid.

  4. Create DataGrids and bind them to the store instances.

  5. Update all the store instances when a push notification is received (see the updateStores function).

Changes made collaboratively are lost if you refresh the page because the SignalR service broadcasts changes without saving them.

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$(function() { var BASE_PATH = "https://js.devexpress.com/Demos/NetCore/"; var url = BASE_PATH + "api/DataGridCollaborativeEditing/"; var groupId = new DevExpress.data.Guid().toJSON(); var createStore = function() { return DevExpress.data.AspNet.createStore({ key: "ID", loadUrl: url, insertUrl: url, updateUrl: url, deleteUrl: url, onBeforeSend: function(method, ajaxOptions) { ajaxOptions.data.groupId = groupId; } }) }; var createDataGrid = function(gridId, store) { $("#" + gridId).dxDataGrid({ dataSource: store, height: 600, showBorders: true, repaintChangesOnly: true, highlightChanges: true, paging: { enabled: false }, editing: { mode: "cell", refreshMode: "reshape", allowUpdating: true, allowDeleting: true, allowAdding: true, useIcons: true }, columns: [ { dataField: "Prefix", caption: "Title", width: 50, validationRules: [{ type: "required" }] }, { dataField: "FirstName", validationRules: [{ type: "required" }] }, { dataField: "StateID", caption: "State", lookup: { dataSource: DevExpress.data.AspNet.createStore({ "key": "ID", "loadUrl": BASE_PATH + "api/DataGridStatesLookup" }), displayExpr: "Name", valueExpr: "ID" }, validationRules: [{ type: "required" }] }, { dataField: "BirthDate", dataType: "date", validationRules: [{ type: "range", max: new Date(3000, 0), message: "Date can not be greater than 01/01/3000" }] } ] }); }; var store1 = createStore(); var store2 = createStore(); var updateStores = function(events) { store1.push(events); store2.push(events); }; createDataGrid("grid1", store1); createDataGrid("grid2", store2); var hubUrl = BASE_PATH + 'dataGridCollaborativeEditingHub?GroupId=' + groupId; var connection = new signalR.HubConnectionBuilder() .withUrl(hubUrl, { skipNegotiation: true, transport: signalR.HttpTransportType.WebSockets }) .configureLogging(signalR.LogLevel.Information) .build(); connection.start() .then(function() { connection.on("update", function(key, data) { updateStores([{ type: "update", key: key, data: data }]); }); connection.on("insert", function(data) { updateStores([{ type: "insert", data: data }]); }); connection.on("remove", function(key) { updateStores([{ type: "remove", key: key }]); }); }); });
<!DOCTYPE html> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <title>DevExtreme Demo</title> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" /> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0" /> <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script> <script>window.jQuery || document.write(decodeURIComponent('%3Cscript src="js/jquery.min.js"%3E%3C/script%3E'))</script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/21.1.5/css/dx.common.css" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/21.1.5/css/dx.light.css" /> <script src="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/21.1.5/js/dx.all.js"></script> <script src="js/signalr.js"></script> <script src="https://unpkg.com/devextreme-aspnet-data@2.8.2/js/dx.aspnet.data.js"></script> <script src="index.js"></script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css" /> </head> <body class="dx-viewport"> <div class="demo-container"> <div class="tables"> <div class="column"> <div id="grid1"></div> </div> <div class="column"> <div id="grid2"></div> </div> </div> </div> </body> </html>
.tables { display: flex; } .column:first-child { width: 50%; padding-right: 15px; } .column:last-child { width: 50%; padding-left: 15px; }
using DevExtreme.AspNet.Data; using DevExtreme.AspNet.Mvc; using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Hubs; using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Models.DataGrid; using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Models.SampleData; using Microsoft.AspNet.SignalR; using Newtonsoft.Json; using System; using System.Net; using System.Net.Http; using System.Net.Http.Formatting; using System.Web.Http; namespace DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Controllers.ApiControllers { public class DataGridCollaborativeEditingController : ApiController { static readonly Random random = new Random(); IHubContext hubContext; public DataGridCollaborativeEditingController() { hubContext = GlobalHost.ConnectionManager.GetHubContext<DataGridCollaborativeEditingHub>(); } [HttpGet] public object Get(DataSourceLoadOptions loadOptions) { return DataSourceLoader.Load(SampleData.DataGridEmployees, loadOptions); } [HttpPost] public HttpResponseMessage Post(FormDataCollection form) { var values = form.Get("values"); var groupId = form.Get("groupId"); var newEmployee = new Employee(); JsonConvert.PopulateObject(values, newEmployee); newEmployee.ID = random.Next(int.MaxValue); Validate(newEmployee); if(!ModelState.IsValid) { return Request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest, ModelState.GetFullErrorMessage()); } // db.Employees.Add(newEmployee); // db.SaveChanges(); hubContext.Clients.Group(groupId).insert(newEmployee); return Request.CreateResponse(newEmployee); } [HttpPut] public HttpResponseMessage Put(FormDataCollection form) { var key = Convert.ToInt32(form.Get("key")); var values = form.Get("values"); var groupId = form.Get("groupId"); var employee = new Employee(); JsonConvert.PopulateObject(values, employee); employee.ID = key; Validate(employee); if(!ModelState.IsValid) { return Request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest, ModelState.GetFullErrorMessage()); } // db.SaveChanges(); hubContext.Clients.Group(groupId).update(key, employee); return Request.CreateResponse(employee); } [HttpDelete] public void Delete(FormDataCollection form) { var key = Convert.ToInt32(form.Get("key")); var groupId = form.Get("groupId"); // var employee = db.Employees.First(a => a.ID == key); // db.Employees.Remove(employee); // db.SaveChanges(); hubContext.Clients.Group(groupId).remove(key); } } }
using Microsoft.AspNet.SignalR; using System.Threading.Tasks; namespace DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Hubs { public class DataGridCollaborativeEditingHub : Hub { public override Task OnConnected() { var groupId = Context.QueryString["GroupId"]; Groups.Add(Context.ConnectionId, groupId); return base.OnConnected(); } } }