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Data Grid

Customize Keyboard Navigation

The following properties customize keyboard navigation:

  • enterKeyAction
    Specifies the DataGrid's actions when a user presses Enter key:

    • "moveFocus" - moves focus in the enterKeyDirection
    • "startEdit" (default) - switches the cell to the editing state
  • enterKeyDirection
    Specifies the direction in which to move focus when a user presses Enter:

    • "row"
    • "column"
    • "none" (default)
  • editOnKeyPress
    Specifies whether to start entering a new cell value on a key press.

In this demo, you can use the controls under the DataGrid to change any of these properties.

Backend API
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import React from 'react'; import DataGrid, { Column, Editing, Paging, Lookup, KeyboardNavigation, } from 'devextreme-react/data-grid'; import SelectBox from 'devextreme-react/select-box'; import CheckBox from 'devextreme-react/check-box'; import { employees, states } from './data.js'; class App extends React.Component { constructor(props) { super(props); this.enterKeyActions = ['startEdit', 'moveFocus']; this.enterKeyDirections = ['none', 'column', 'row']; this.state = { editOnKeyPress: true, enterKeyAction: 'moveFocus', enterKeyDirection: 'column', }; this.onFocusedCellChanging = (e) => { e.isHighlighted = true; }; this.editOnKeyPressChanged = this.editOnKeyPressChanged.bind(this); this.enterKeyActionChanged = this.enterKeyActionChanged.bind(this); this.enterKeyDirectionChanged = this.enterKeyDirectionChanged.bind(this); } editOnKeyPressChanged(e) { this.setState({ editOnKeyPress: e.value }); } enterKeyActionChanged(e) { this.setState({ enterKeyAction: e.value }); } enterKeyDirectionChanged(e) { this.setState({ enterKeyDirection: e.value }); } render() { return ( <div id="data-grid-demo"> <DataGrid dataSource={employees} keyExpr="ID" showBorders={true} onFocusedCellChanging={this.onFocusedCellChanging}> <KeyboardNavigation editOnKeyPress={this.state.editOnKeyPress} enterKeyAction={this.state.enterKeyAction} enterKeyDirection={this.state.enterKeyDirection} /> <Paging enabled={false} /> <Editing mode="batch" allowUpdating={true} startEditAction="dblClick" /> <Column dataField="Prefix" caption="Title" width={70} /> <Column dataField="FirstName" /> <Column dataField="LastName" /> <Column dataField="Position" width={170} /> <Column dataField="StateID" caption="State" width={125}> <Lookup dataSource={states} valueExpr="ID" displayExpr="Name" /> </Column> <Column dataField="BirthDate" dataType="date" /> </DataGrid> <div className="options"> <div className="caption">Options</div> <div className="option-container"> <div className="option check-box"> <CheckBox text="Edit On Key Press" value={this.state.editOnKeyPress} onValueChanged={this.editOnKeyPressChanged} /> </div> <div className="option"> <span className="option-caption">Enter Key Action</span> <SelectBox className="select" items={this.enterKeyActions} value={this.state.enterKeyAction} onValueChanged={this.enterKeyActionChanged} /> </div> <div className="option"> <span className="option-caption">Enter Key Direction</span> <SelectBox className="select" items={this.enterKeyDirections} value={this.state.enterKeyDirection} onValueChanged={this.enterKeyDirectionChanged} /> </div> </div> </div> </div> ); } } export default App;
import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import App from './App.js'; ReactDOM.render( <App />, document.getElementById('app'), );
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>DevExtreme Demo</title> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" /> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/21.2.3/css/dx.common.css" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/21.2.3/css/dx.light.css" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css" /> <script src="https://unpkg.com/core-js@2.4.1/client/shim.min.js"></script> <script src="https://unpkg.com/systemjs@0.21.3/dist/system.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="config.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> System.import("./index.js"); </script> </head> <body class="dx-viewport"> <div class="demo-container"> <div id="app"></div> </div> </body> </html>
.options { margin-top: 20px; padding: 20px; background-color: rgba(191, 191, 191, 0.15); position: relative; } .caption { font-size: 18px; font-weight: 500; } .option-container { display: flex; margin: 0 auto; justify-content: space-between; } .option { margin-top: 10px; display: flex; align-items: center; } .option-caption { white-space: nowrap; margin: 0 8px; } .option.check-box { width: 150px; } .option > .select { width: 155px; }
export const employees = [{ ID: 1, FirstName: 'John', LastName: 'Heart', Prefix: 'Mr.', Position: 'CEO', BirthDate: '1964/03/16', HireDate: '1995/01/15', Notes: 'John has been in the Audio/Video industry since 1990. He has led DevAv as its CEO since 2003.\r\n\r\nWhen not working hard as the CEO, John loves to golf and bowl. He once bowled a perfect game of 300.', Address: '351 S Hill St.', StateID: 5, }, { ID: 2, FirstName: 'Olivia', LastName: 'Peyton', Prefix: 'Mrs.', Position: 'Sales Assistant', BirthDate: '1981/06/03', HireDate: '2012/05/14', Notes: 'Olivia loves to sell. She has been selling DevAV products since 2012. \r\n\r\nOlivia was homecoming queen in high school. She is expecting her first child in 6 months. Good Luck Olivia.', Address: '807 W Paseo Del Mar', StateID: 5, }, { ID: 3, FirstName: 'Robert', LastName: 'Reagan', Prefix: 'Mr.', Position: 'CMO', BirthDate: '1974/09/07', HireDate: '2002/11/08', Notes: 'Robert was recently voted the CMO of the year by CMO Magazine. He is a proud member of the DevAV Management Team.\r\n\r\nRobert is a championship BBQ chef, so when you get the chance ask him for his secret recipe.', Address: '4 Westmoreland Pl.', StateID: 4, }, { ID: 4, FirstName: 'Greta', LastName: 'Sims', Prefix: 'Ms.', Position: 'HR Manager', BirthDate: '1977/11/22', HireDate: '1998/04/23', Notes: "Greta has been DevAV's HR Manager since 2003. She joined DevAV from Sonee Corp.\r\n\r\nGreta is currently training for the NYC marathon. Her best marathon time is 4 hours. Go Greta.", Address: '1700 S Grandview Dr.', StateID: 11, }, { ID: 5, FirstName: 'Brett', LastName: 'Wade', Prefix: 'Mr.', Position: 'IT Manager', BirthDate: '1968/12/01', HireDate: '2009/03/06', Notes: 'Brett came to DevAv from Microsoft and has led our IT department since 2012.\r\n\r\nWhen he is not working hard for DevAV, he coaches Little League (he was a high school pitcher).', Address: '1120 Old Mill Rd.', StateID: 13, }, { ID: 6, FirstName: 'Sandra', LastName: 'Johnson', Prefix: 'Mrs.', Position: 'Controller', BirthDate: '1974/11/15', HireDate: '2005/05/11', Notes: "Sandra is a CPA and has been our controller since 2008. She loves to interact with staff so if you've not met her, be certain to say hi.\r\n\r\nSandra has 2 daughters both of whom are accomplished gymnasts.", Address: '4600 N Virginia Rd.', StateID: 44, }, { ID: 7, FirstName: 'Kevin', LastName: 'Carter', Prefix: 'Mr.', Position: 'Shipping Manager', BirthDate: '1978/01/09', HireDate: '2009/08/11', Notes: 'Kevin is our hard-working shipping manager and has been helping that department work like clockwork for 18 months.\r\n\r\nWhen not in the office, he is usually on the basketball court playing pick-up games.', Address: '424 N Main St.', StateID: 5, }, { ID: 8, FirstName: 'Cynthia', LastName: 'Stanwick', Prefix: 'Ms.', Position: 'HR Assistant', BirthDate: '1985/06/05', HireDate: '2008/03/24', Notes: 'Cindy joined us in 2008 and has been in the HR department for 2 years. \r\n\r\nShe was recently awarded employee of the month. Way to go Cindy!', Address: '2211 Bonita Dr.', StateID: 4, }, { ID: 9, FirstName: 'Kent', LastName: 'Samuelson', Prefix: 'Dr.', Position: 'Ombudsman', BirthDate: '1972/09/11', HireDate: '2009/04/22', Notes: 'As our ombudsman, Kent is on the front-lines solving customer problems and helping our partners address issues out in the field. He is a classically trained musician and is a member of the Chamber Orchestra.', Address: '12100 Mora Dr', StateID: 26, }, { ID: 10, FirstName: 'Taylor', LastName: 'Riley', Prefix: 'Mr.', Position: 'Network Admin', BirthDate: '1982/08/14', HireDate: '2012/04/14', Notes: "If you are like the rest of us at DevAV, then you've probably reached out for help from Taylor. He does a great job as a member of our IT department.", Address: '7776 Torreyson Dr', StateID: 5, }]; export const states = [{ ID: 1, Name: 'Alabama', }, { ID: 2, Name: 'Alaska', }, { ID: 3, Name: 'Arizona', }, { ID: 4, Name: 'Arkansas', }, { ID: 5, Name: 'California', }, { ID: 6, Name: 'Colorado', }, { ID: 7, Name: 'Connecticut', }, { ID: 8, Name: 'Delaware', }, { ID: 9, Name: 'District of Columbia', }, { ID: 10, Name: 'Florida', }, { ID: 11, Name: 'Georgia', }, { ID: 12, Name: 'Hawaii', }, { ID: 13, Name: 'Idaho', }, { ID: 14, Name: 'Illinois', }, { ID: 15, Name: 'Indiana', }, { ID: 16, Name: 'Iowa', }, { ID: 17, Name: 'Kansas', }, { ID: 18, Name: 'Kentucky', }, { ID: 19, Name: 'Louisiana', }, { ID: 20, Name: 'Maine', }, { ID: 21, Name: 'Maryland', }, { ID: 22, Name: 'Massachusetts', }, { ID: 23, Name: 'Michigan', }, { ID: 24, Name: 'Minnesota', }, { ID: 25, Name: 'Mississippi', }, { ID: 26, Name: 'Missouri', }, { ID: 27, Name: 'Montana', }, { ID: 28, Name: 'Nebraska', }, { ID: 29, Name: 'Nevada', }, { ID: 30, Name: 'New Hampshire', }, { ID: 31, Name: 'New Jersey', }, { ID: 32, Name: 'New Mexico', }, { ID: 33, Name: 'New York', }, { ID: 34, Name: 'North Carolina', }, { ID: 35, Name: 'Ohio', }, { ID: 36, Name: 'Oklahoma', }, { ID: 37, Name: 'Oregon', }, { ID: 38, Name: 'Pennsylvania', }, { ID: 39, Name: 'Rhode Island', }, { ID: 40, Name: 'South Carolina', }, { ID: 41, Name: 'South Dakota', }, { ID: 42, Name: 'Tennessee', }, { ID: 43, Name: 'Texas', }, { ID: 44, Name: 'Utah', }, { ID: 45, Name: 'Vermont', }, { ID: 46, Name: 'Virginia', }, { ID: 47, Name: 'Washington', }, { ID: 48, Name: 'West Virginia', }, { ID: 49, Name: 'Wisconsin', }, { ID: 50, Name: 'Wyoming', }, { ID: 51, Name: 'North Dakota', }];
window.config = { transpiler: 'plugin-babel', meta: { 'devextreme/localization.js': { 'esModule': true, }, }, paths: { 'npm:': 'https://unpkg.com/', }, defaultExtension: 'js', map: { 'react': 'npm:react@17.0.2/umd/react.development.js', 'react-dom': 'npm:react-dom@17.0.2/umd/react-dom.development.js', 'prop-types': 'npm:prop-types@15.7.2/prop-types.js', 'rrule': 'npm:rrule@2.6.6/dist/es5/rrule.js', 'luxon': 'npm:luxon@1.28.0/build/global/luxon.min.js', 'es6-object-assign': 'npm:es6-object-assign@1.1.0', 'devextreme': 'npm:devextreme@21.2.3/cjs', 'devextreme-react': 'npm:devextreme-react@21.2.3', 'jszip': 'npm:jszip@3.7.1/dist/jszip.min.js', 'devextreme-quill': 'npm:devextreme-quill@1.5.5/dist/dx-quill.min.js', 'devexpress-diagram': 'npm:devexpress-diagram@2.1.37/dist/dx-diagram.js', 'devexpress-gantt': 'npm:devexpress-gantt@3.1.24/dist/dx-gantt.js', '@devextreme/vdom': 'npm:@devextreme/vdom@2.2.3', '@devextreme/runtime': 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@2.3.8', 'inferno': 'npm:inferno@7.4.10/dist/inferno.min.js', 'inferno-compat': 'npm:inferno-compat@7.4.10/dist/inferno-compat.min.js', 'inferno-create-element': 'npm:inferno-create-element@7.4.10/dist/inferno-create-element.min.js', 'inferno-dom': 'npm:inferno-dom@1.0.7/dist/inferno-dom.min.js', 'inferno-hydrate': 'npm:inferno-hydrate@7.4.10/dist/inferno-hydrate.min.js', 'inferno-clone-vnode': 'npm:inferno-clone-vnode@7.4.10/dist/inferno-clone-vnode.min.js', 'inferno-create-class': 'npm:inferno-create-class@7.4.10/dist/inferno-create-class.min.js', 'inferno-extras': 'npm:inferno-extras@7.4.10/dist/inferno-extras.min.js', // SystemJS plugins 'plugin-babel': 'npm:systemjs-plugin-babel@0.0.25/plugin-babel.js', 'systemjs-babel-build': 'npm:systemjs-plugin-babel@0.0.25/systemjs-babel-browser.js', }, packages: { 'devextreme': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, '@devextreme/vdom': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, 'devextreme-react': { main: 'index.js', }, 'devextreme/events/utils': { main: 'index', }, 'devextreme/events': { main: 'index', }, 'es6-object-assign': { main: './index.js', defaultExtension: 'js', }, }, packageConfigPaths: [ 'npm:@devextreme/*/package.json', 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@2.3.8/inferno/package.json', ], babelOptions: { sourceMaps: false, stage0: true, react: true, }, }; System.config(window.config);