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Form

Customize Fields at Runtime

The Form widget allows you to add/remove items and specify item visibility at runtime. The Form only updates the affected items and does not re-render the entire form.

In this demo, the "Show Address" checkbox specifies the visibility of address-related fields. Review the widget's code to see how to set the "HomeAddress" group's visible attribute.

Click the "Add phone" button to add a new phone editor. This action adds a new item to the items array of the "phones" group. Each phone editor contains a button that deletes it from the items array and the Form.

@using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.ViewModels @model DynamicFormViewModel <div class="long-title"><h3>Personal details</h3></div> <div id="form-container"> @(Html.DevExtreme().Form<DynamicFormViewModel>() .ID("form") .ColCount(2) .Items(groups => { groups.AddGroup() .Items(leftGroup => { leftGroup.AddGroup() .Caption("Personal Data") .Items(items => { items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.FirstName); items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.LastName); items.AddSimple() .Label(l => l.Text("")) .Editor(e => e.CheckBox() .OnValueChanged("onCheckBoxValueChanged") .Text("Show Address") .Value(true) ); }); leftGroup.AddGroup() .Items(addressGroup => { addressGroup.AddGroup() .Name("HomeAddress") .Caption("Home Address") .Items(items => { items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.Address); items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.City); }); }); }); groups.AddGroup() .Name("phones-container") .Caption("Phones") .Items(rightGroup => { rightGroup.AddGroup() .Name("phones") .Items(items => { items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.Phones[0]) .Label(l => l.Text("Phone 1")) .CssClass("phone-editor") .Editor(e => e.TextBox() .Mask("+1 (X00) 000-0000") .MaskRules(new { X = new JS("/[01-9]/") }) .Buttons(b => b.Add().Name("Trash") .Location(TextEditorButtonLocation.After) .Widget(w => w.Button() .StylingMode(ButtonStylingMode.Text) .Icon("trash") .OnClick("function(e) {onTrashButtonClick(0)}") ) ) ); items.AddSimpleFor(m => m.Phones[1]) .Label(l => l.Text("Phone 2")) .CssClass("phone-editor") .Editor(e => e.TextBox() .Mask("+1 (X00) 000-0000") .MaskRules(new { X = new JS("/[01-9]/") }) .Buttons(b => b.Add().Name("Trash") .Location(TextEditorButtonLocation.After) .Widget(w => w.Button() .StylingMode(ButtonStylingMode.Text) .Icon("trash") .OnClick("function(e) {onTrashButtonClick(1)}") ) ) ); }); rightGroup.AddGroup() .Items(items => { items.AddButton() .HorizontalAlignment(HorizontalAlignment.Left) .CssClass("add-phone-button") .ButtonOptions(b => b.Icon("add") .Text("Add phone") .OnClick("onAddButtonClick") ); }); }); }) .OnInitialized("onFormInitialized") .OnContentReady("onFormReady") .FormData(Model) ) </div> <script> var form, employee, isFirstLoad = true; function onFormInitialized(e) { form = e.component; } function onFormReady(e) { if (isFirstLoad) { employee = e.component.option("formData"); isFirstLoad = false; } } function onCheckBoxValueChanged(e) { form.itemOption("HomeAddress", "visible", e.value); } function onAddButtonClick() { employee.Phones.push(""); form.itemOption("phones-container.phones", "items", getPhonesOptions(employee.Phones)); } function onTrashButtonClick(index) { employee.Phones.splice(index, 1); form.itemOption("phones-container.phones", "items", getPhonesOptions(employee.Phones)); } function getPhonesOptions(phones) { var options = []; for (var i = 0; i < phones.length; i++) { options.push(generateNewPhoneOptions(i)); } return options; } function generateNewPhoneOptions(index) { return { dataField: "Phones[" + index + "]", editorType: "dxTextBox", cssClass: "phone-editor", label: { text: "Phone " + (index + 1) }, editorOptions: { mask: "+1 (X00) 000-0000", maskRules: { "X": /[01-9]/ }, buttons: [{ name: "trash", location: "after", options: { stylingMode: "text", icon: "trash", onClick: function () { onTrashButtonClick(index); } } }] } } } </script>
using DevExtreme.AspNet.Data; using DevExtreme.AspNet.Mvc; using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Models.SampleData; using DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.ViewModels; using Newtonsoft.Json; using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Linq; using System.Web.Mvc; namespace DevExtreme.MVC.Demos.Controllers { public class FormController : Controller { public ActionResult UpdateItemsDynamically() { return View(new DynamicFormViewModel { FirstName = "John", LastName = "Heart", Address = "351 S Hill St., Los Angeles, CA", City = "Atlanta", Phones = new List<string> { "8005552797", "8005953232" } }); } } }
#form-container { margin: 10px 10px 30px; } .long-title h3 { font-family: 'Segoe UI Light', 'Helvetica Neue Light', 'Segoe UI', 'Helvetica Neue', 'Trebuchet MS', Verdana; font-weight: 200; font-size: 28px; text-align: center; margin-bottom: 20px; } .add-phone-button { margin-top: 10px; }