Configuration

An object defining configuration options for the ContextMenu widget.

accessKey

Specifies the shortcut key that sets focus on the widget.

Type: String
Default Value: null

The value of this option will be passed to the accesskey attribute of the HTML element that underlies the widget.

activeStateEnabled

A Boolean value specifying whether or not the widget changes its state when interacting with a user.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: true

This option is used when the widget is displayed on a platform whose guidelines include the active state change for widgets.

animation

Configures widget visibility animations. This object contains two fields: show and hide.

Type: Object
Default Value: { show: { type: 'fade', from: 0, to: 1, duration: 100 }, hide: { type: 'fade', from: 1, to: 0, duration: 100 } }

closeOnOutsideClick

A Boolean value specifying whether or not the widget is closed if a user clicks outside of the context menu.

Type: Boolean| function
Function parameters:

Holds the jQuery event that caused widget closing.

Return Value: Boolean

The required option value.

Default Value: true

The function passed to this option enables you to specify a custom condition for closing the widget . For instance, you can prevent closing until a user clicks a certain element.

JavaScript
var widgetOptions = {
    // ...
    closeOnOutsideClick: function(e) {
        return e.target === $("#someElement").get()[0];
    }
}

cssClass

Specifies the name of the CSS class to be applied to the root menu level and all submenus.

Type: String
Default Value: ''

Use this option to customize the current menu in isolation from other menus created on the same page.

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dataSource

A data source used to fetch data to be displayed by the widget.

Default Value: null

This option accepts one of the following.

  • Array of objects
    A simple JavaScript array containing a collection of plain objects.

  • URL
    A URL to JSON data or to a service returning data in JSON format.

  • DataSource or its configuration object
    A DataSource is an object that provides a handy API for data processing. A DataSource is a stateful object, which means that it saves data processing settings and applies them each time data is loaded. All underlying data access logic of a DataSource is isolated in a Store. A Store provides an API for reading and modifying data. Unlike the DataSource, a Store is a stateless object.

NOTE
If the data source is specified using the dataSource option, use the items option only for reading. Updating data items using the items option may cause unexpected results.

To display widget items, a default template can be used. This template is based on the data source fields that are listed in the Default Item Template section of the widget's API.

disabled

Specifies whether the widget responds to user interaction.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false

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disabledExpr

Specifies the name of the data source item field whose value defines whether or not the corresponding widget item is disabled.

Type: String| function
Default Value: 'disabled'

displayExpr

Specifies the name of the data source item field whose value is displayed by the widget.

Type: String| function
Default Value: 'text'

elementAttr

Specifies the attributes to be attached to the widget's root element.

Type: Object
Default Value: {}

You can configure this option in an ASP.NET MVC Control as follows:

Razor C#
Razor VB
@(Html.DevExtreme().WidgetName()
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new {
        @id = "elementId",
        @class = "class-name"
    })
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new Dictionary<string, object>() {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })

)
@(Html.DevExtreme().WidgetName() _
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New With {
        .id = "elementId",
        .class = "class-name"
    })
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New Dictionary(Of String, Object) From {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })
)

focusStateEnabled

Specifies whether the widget can be focused using keyboard navigation.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false
Default for desktop: true

height

Specifies the widget's height.

Type: Number|String| function
Return Value: Number|String

The widget height.

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types.

  • Number
    The height of the widget in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of height. For example, "55px", "80%", "auto", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    height: function() {
        return window.innerHeight / 1.5;
    }
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hint

Specifies text for a hint that appears when a user pauses on the widget.

Type: String
Default Value: undefined

hoverStateEnabled

Specifies whether the widget changes its state when a user pauses on it.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: true

items

Holds an array of menu items.

Type: Array

To display menu items, a default template can be used. This template is based on certain fields of the item object. Refer to the Default Item Template section to learn which fields are taken into account when creating a default template for items. Alternatively, you can implement a custom item template.

NOTE
Each item of the array passed to the items option can include the items field, which takes on an object with the same structure as a root item. Therefore, you can create as many menu levels as you need.
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itemsExpr

Specifies the name of the data source item field that contains an array of nested items.

Type: String| function
Default Value: 'items'

itemTemplate

The template to be used for rendering items.

Type: template
Function parameters:
itemData: Object

The item object to be rendered.

itemIndex: Number

The index of the item to be rendered.

itemElement: jQuery

An HTML element of the item to be rendered.

Return Value: String|DOM Node|jQuery

A template name or a template container.

Default Value: 'item'

A binding context of an item template is the data source object that corresponds to the currently rendered item.

In Knockout approach, you can bind template elements to the item object's fields directly. To access another binding context within an item template, use Knockout binding variables.

In AngularJS Approach, if you need to access item object's fields within a template, use a variable whose name is assigned to the dx-item-alias directive. Add the directive to the widget element to specify an alias to the root object of an item. Without this directive, item object fields are beyond reach. To access another binding context within an item template, use AngularJS binding variables.

See Also

onContentReady

A handler for the contentReady event. Executed when the widget's content is ready. This handler may be executed multiple times during the widget's lifetime depending on the number of times its content changes.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component: Object
element: jQuery

The widget's container.

model: Object

The model data. Available only when using Knockout.

Default Value: null

onDisposing

A handler for the disposing event. Executed when the widget is removed from the DOM using the remove(), empty(), or html() jQuery methods only.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component: Object
element: jQuery

The widget's container.

model: Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onHidden

A handler for the hidden event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

Default Value: null

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onHiding

A handler for the hiding event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

cancel: Boolean

Specifies whether or not to cancel the hiding of the widget.

Default Value: null

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onInitialized

A handler for the initialized event. Executed only once, after the widget is initialized.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component: Object
element: jQuery

The widget's container.

Default Value: null

You cannot access elements in the widget because this handler is executed before they are ready. Use the onContentReady handler instead.

onItemClick

A handler for the itemClick event.

Type: function |String
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

itemData: Object

The data that is bound to the clicked item.

itemElement: jQuery

An HTML element of the item.

itemIndex: Number

Specifies the index of the clicked item.

jQueryEvent: jQuery.Event

Specifies the jQuery event that caused action execution.

Default Value: null

Assign a function to perform a custom action when a widget item is clicked.

To navigate to a specific URL when the itemClick event fires, assign that URL or the anchor part (#) of that URL directly to this option as a string.

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onItemContextMenu

A handler for the itemContextMenu event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

itemData: Object

The data that is bound to the item.

itemElement: jQuery

An HTML element of the item.

itemIndex: Number

Specifies the index of the item.

jQueryEvent: jQuery.Event

Specifies the jQuery event that caused action execution.

Default Value: null

Assign a function to perform a custom action when the right mouse button is clicked when the pointer is over a widget item, or when the "sustained" (also known as a long press) touch action is performed.

onItemRendered

A handler for the itemRendered event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

itemData: Object

The data that is bound to the item to be rendered.

itemElement: jQuery

An HTML element of the item.

itemIndex: Number

Specifies the index of the rendered item.

Default Value: null

Assign a function to perform a custom action after a collection item is rendered.

onOptionChanged

A handler for the optionChanged event. Executed after an option of the widget is changed.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component: Object
name: String

A short name of the option whose value has been changed.

fullName: String

A full name of the option whose value has been changed; contains a full hierarchy of the option.

value: any

A new value for the option.

element: jQuery

The widget's container.

model: Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onPositioning

A handler for the positioning event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

jQueryEvent: jQuery.Event

Returns a jQuery event that caused the event.

position: position

An object that holds context menu positioning options.

Default Value: null

onSelectionChanged

A handler for the selectionChanged event. Raised after an item is selected or unselected.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

addedItems: Array

An array of items added to selection.

removedItems: Array

An array of items removed from selection.

Default Value: null

This option makes sense only if the selectionMode option is set to 'single' and the selectByClick option is set to true.

Assign a function to perform a custom action after a collection item is selected or unselected.

onShowing

A handler for the showing event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

cancel: Boolean

Specifies whether or not to cancel the showing of the widget.

Default Value: null

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onShown

A handler for the shown event.

Type: function
Function parameters:

Provides function parameters.

Object structure:
component: Object

Provides access to the widget's instance.

element: jQuery

An HTML element of the widget.

model: Object

Provides access to the data that is available for binding against the element. Available only in the Knockout approach.

Default Value: null

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position

An object defining widget positioning options.

Default Value: { my: 'top left', at: 'top left' }
NOTE
By default, the context menu is positioned against the cursor, but if you set the position option, the widget will be positioned against the target element. Note also that the position | of option is always ignored in favor of the target option.
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rtlEnabled

Switches the widget to a right-to-left representation.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false

When this option is set to true, the widget text flows from right to left, and the layout of elements is reversed. To switch the entire application/site to the right-to-left representation, assign true to the rtlEnabled field of the object passed to the DevExpress.config(config) method.

JavaScript
DevExpress.config({
    rtlEnabled: true
});
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selectByClick

Specifies whether or not an item becomes selected if a user clicks it.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false

selectedExpr

Specifies the name of the data source item field whose value defines whether or not the corresponding widget items is selected.

Type: String| function
Default Value: 'selected'

selectedItem

The selected item object.

Type: Object
Default Value: null

selectedItems

An array of currently selected item objects.

Type: Array

selectionByClick

Deprecated

Use the selectByClick option instead.

Specifies whether or not an item becomes selected if an end-user clicks it.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false

selectionMode

Specifies the selection mode supported by the menu.

Type: String
Default Value: none
Accepted Values: 'single' | 'none'

To select an item on click and to visually display the selection, set the selectByClick option to true. Note that in this case the selectionMode should be 'single'.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the MenuSelectionMode enum. This enum accepts the following values: Single and None.

showEvent

Specifies options for displaying the widget.

Type: Object|String
Default Value: 'dxcontextmenu'

If you assign only a string that specifies event names on which the widget is shown, the widget will not apply any delay.

JavaScript
showEvent: 'dxclick'

showSubmenuMode

Specifies options of submenu showing and hiding.

Type: Object|String
Default Value: { name: 'onHover', delay: { show: 0, hide: 0 } }
Accepted Values: 'onHover' | 'onClick'

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, you can specify this option using the ShowSubmenuMode enum. This enum accepts the following values: OnHover and OnClick.

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submenuDirection

Specifies the direction at which submenus are displayed.

Type: String
Default Value: 'auto'
Accepted Values: 'auto' | 'right' | 'left'

By default, the submenus of the context menu are displayed so that they are visible totally, based on the widget location on the page. Use the submenuDirection option to display submenus to the left or to the right from the context menu.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the ContextMenuSubmenuDirection enum. This enum accepts the following values: Left, Right and Auto.

tabIndex

Specifies the number of the element when the Tab key is used for navigating.

Type: Number
Default Value: 0

The value of this option will be passed to the tabindex attribute of the HTML element that underlies the widget.

target

The target element associated with the context menu.

Default Value: undefined

Specify this option to indicate the element for which the context menu will be invoked. This option can take on one of the following values.

JavaScript
//CSS selector
target: '#targetElement';

//jQuery wrapper
target: $('#targetElement');

//DOM element
target: document.getElementById('targetElement');

To align the context menu near this element, use the position option.

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visible

A Boolean value specifying whether or not the widget is visible.

Type: Boolean
Default Value: false

Use this option to display/hide a context menu in code.

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width

Specifies the widget's width.

Type: Number|String| function
Return Value: Number|String

The widget width.

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types.

  • Number
    The width of the widget in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of width. For example, "55px", "80%", "auto", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    width: function() {
        return window.innerWidth / 1.5;
    }
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