dataSource

Binds the widget to data.

If you use DevExtreme ASP.NET MVC Controls, refer to the Bind Controls to Data article.

The DropDownBox works with collections of objects or string, number, or boolean values.

Depending on your data source, bind the DropDownBox to data as follows. In each case, also specify the valueExpr and displayExpr options if the data source provides objects.

  • Data Array
    Assign the array to the dataSource option.

  • Read-Only Data in JSON Format
    Set the dataSource option to the URL of a JSON file or service that returns JSON data.

  • OData
    Implement an ODataStore.

  • Web API, PHP, MongoDB
    Use one of the following extensions to enable the server to process data according to the protocol DevExtreme widgets use:

    Then, use the createStore method to configure access to the server on the client as shown below. This method is part of DevExtreme.AspNet.Data.

    jQuery
    JavaScript
    $(function() {
        let serviceUrl = "https://url/to/my/service";
        $("#dropDownBoxContainer").dxDropDownBox({
            // ...
            dataSource: DevExpress.data.AspNet.createStore({
                key: "ID",
                loadUrl: serviceUrl + "/GetAction",
                insertUrl: serviceUrl + "/InsertAction",
                updateUrl: serviceUrl + "/UpdateAction",
                deleteUrl: serviceUrl + "/DeleteAction"
            })
        })
    });
    Angular
    app.component.ts
    app.component.html
    app.module.ts
    import { Component } from '@angular/core';
    import CustomStore from 'devextreme/data/custom_store';
    import { createStore } from 'devextreme-aspnet-data-nojquery';
    
    @Component({
        selector: 'app-root',
        templateUrl: './app.component.html',
        styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
    })
    export class AppComponent {
        store: CustomStore;
        constructor() {
            let serviceUrl = "https://url/to/my/service";
            this.store = createStore({
                key: "ID",
                loadUrl: serviceUrl + "/GetAction",
                insertUrl: serviceUrl + "/InsertAction",
                updateUrl: serviceUrl + "/UpdateAction",
                deleteUrl: serviceUrl + "/DeleteAction"
            })
        }
    }
    <dx-drop-down-box ...
        [dataSource]="store">
    </dx-drop-down-box>
    import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
    import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
    import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
    
    import { DxDropDownBoxModule } from 'devextreme-angular';
    
    @NgModule({
        declarations: [
            AppComponent
        ],
        imports: [
            BrowserModule,
            DxDropDownBoxModule
        ],
        providers: [],
        bootstrap: [AppComponent]
    })
    export class AppModule { }
    Vue
    App.vue
    <template> 
        <DxDropDownBox ...
            :data-source="store" />
    </template>
    
    <script>
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import CustomStore from 'devextreme/data/custom_store';
    import { createStore } from 'devextreme-aspnet-data-nojquery';
    import { DxDropDownBox } from 'devextreme-vue/drop-down-box';
    
    export default {
        components: {
            DxDropDownBox
        },
        data() {
            const serviceUrl = "https://url/to/my/service";
            const store = createStore({
                key: "ID",
                loadUrl: serviceUrl + "/GetAction",
                insertUrl: serviceUrl + "/InsertAction",
                updateUrl: serviceUrl + "/UpdateAction",
                deleteUrl: serviceUrl + "/DeleteAction"
            });
            return {
                store
            }
        }
    }
    </script>
    React
    App.js
    import React from 'react';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import CustomStore from 'devextreme/data/custom_store';
    import { createStore } from 'devextreme-aspnet-data-nojquery';
    import DropDownBox from 'devextreme-react/drop-down-box';
    
    const serviceUrl = "https://url/to/my/service";
    const store = createStore({
        key: "ID",
        loadUrl: serviceUrl + "/GetAction",
        insertUrl: serviceUrl + "/InsertAction",
        updateUrl: serviceUrl + "/UpdateAction",
        deleteUrl: serviceUrl + "/DeleteAction"
    });
    
    class App extends React.Component {
        render() {
            return (
                <DropDownBox ...
                    dataSource={store} />
            );
        }
    }
    export default App;
  • Any other data source
    Implement a CustomStore.

Regardless of the data source on the input, the DropDownBox always wraps it in the DataSource object. This object allows you to sort, filter, group, and perform other data shaping operations. To get its instance, call the getDataSource() method.

If the element embedded in the DropDownBox widget is another DevExtreme widget, their data sources should be interrelated. Refer to the Synchronize with the Embedded Element article for more information.

NOTE

Please review the following notes about data binding:

  • Do not specify the items option if you specified the dataSource, and vice versa.

  • Data field names should not contain the following characters: ., ,, :, [, and ].

  • DataSource and stores provide methods to process and update data. However, the methods do not allow you to perform particular tasks (for example, replace the entire dataset, reconfigure data access at runtime). For such tasks, create a new array, store, or DataSource and assign it to the dataSource option as shown in the articles about changing options in jQuery, Angular, React, and Vue.