Configuration

An object defining configuration options for the TextArea widget.

See Also

accessKey

Specifies the shortcut key that sets focus on the widget.

Type:

String

Default Value: null

The value of this option will be passed to the accesskey attribute of the HTML element that underlies the widget.

activeStateEnabled

Specifies whether or not the widget changes its state when interacting with a user.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

This option is used when the widget is displayed on a platform whose guidelines include the active state change for widgets.

autoResizeEnabled

A Boolean value specifying whether or not the auto resizing mode is enabled.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

Setting this option makes sense only when the height option is not specified.

disabled

Specifies whether the widget responds to user interaction.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

elementAttr

Specifies the attributes to be attached to the widget's root element.

Type:

Object

Default Value: {}
jQuery
$(function(){
    $("#textAreaContainer").dxTextArea({
        // ...
        elementAttr: {
            id: "elementId",
            class: "class-name"
        }
    });
});
Angular
HTML
TypeScript
<dx-text-area ...
    [elementAttr]="{ id: 'elementId', class: 'class-name' }">
</dx-text-area>
import { DxTextAreaModule } from "devextreme-angular";
// ...
export class AppComponent {
    // ...
}
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        // ...
        DxTextAreaModule
    ],
    // ...
})
ASP.NET MVC Controls
Razor C#
Razor VB
@(Html.DevExtreme().TextArea()
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new {
        @id = "elementId",
        @class = "class-name"
    })
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new Dictionary<string, object>() {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })

)
@(Html.DevExtreme().TextArea() _
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New With {
        .id = "elementId",
        .class = "class-name"
    })
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New Dictionary(Of String, Object) From {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })
)

focusStateEnabled

Specifies whether the widget can be focused using keyboard navigation.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

height

Specifies the widget's height.

Type:

Number

|

String

|

Function

Return Value:

Number

|

String

The widget's height.

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The height in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of height. For example, "55px", "80%", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    height: function() {
        return window.innerHeight / 1.5;
    }

hint

Specifies text for a hint that appears when a user pauses on the widget.

Type:

String

Default Value: undefined

hoverStateEnabled

Specifies whether the widget changes its state when a user pauses on it.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

inputAttr

Specifies the attributes to be passed on to the underlying HTML element.

Type:

Object

Default Value: {}
jQuery
$(function(){
    $("#textAreaContainer").dxTextArea({
        // ...
        inputAttr: {
            id: "inputId"
        }
    });
});
Angular
HTML
TypeScript
<dx-text-area ...
    [inputAttr]="{ id: 'inputId' }">
</dx-text-area>
import { DxTextAreaModule } from "devextreme-angular";
// ...
export class AppComponent {
    // ...
}
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        // ...
        DxTextAreaModule
    ],
    // ...
})
ASP.NET MVC Controls
Razor C#
Razor VB
@(Html.DevExtreme().TextArea()
    .InputAttr("id", "inputId")
    // ===== or =====
    .InputAttr(new {
        @id = "inputId"
    })
    // ===== or =====
    .InputAttr(new Dictionary<string, object>() {
        { "id", "inputId" }
    })
)
@(Html.DevExtreme().TextArea() _
    .InputAttr("id", "inputId")
    ' ===== or =====
    .InputAttr(New With {
        .id = "inputId"
    })
    ' ===== or =====
    .InputAttr(New Dictionary(Of String, Object) From {
        { "id", "inputId" }
    })
)

isValid

Specifies or indicates whether the editor's value is valid.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true
NOTE
When you use async rules, isValid is true if the status is "pending" or "valid".
See Also

maxHeight

Specifies the maximum height of the widget.

Type:

Number

|

String

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The height in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of height. For example, "55px", "80%", "inherit".

maxLength

Specifies the maximum number of characters you can enter into the textbox.

Type:

String

|

Number

Default Value: null

If the number of entered characters reaches the value assigned to this option, the widget does not allow you to enter any more characters.

minHeight

Specifies the minimum height of the widget.

Type:

Number

|

String

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The height in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of height. For example, "55px", "80%", "inherit".

name

The value to be assigned to the name attribute of the underlying HTML element.

Type:

String

Default Value: ''

Specify this option if the widget lies within an HTML form that will be submitted.

If you configure the widget as an ASP.NET MVC 5 Control or a DevExtreme-Based ASP.NET Core Control, use this option to bind the widget to a model property. If this model property contains Data Annotation validation attributes, you get the client-side validation enabled by default.

onChange

A function that is executed when the widget loses focus after the text field's content was changed using the keyboard.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onContentReady

A function that is executed when the widget's content is ready and each time the content is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model

Object

Model data. Available only when using Knockout.

Default Value: null

onCopy

A function that is executed when the widget's input has been copied.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onCut

A function that is executed when the widget's input has been cut.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onDisposing

A function that is executed before the widget is disposed of.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onEnterKey

A function that is executed when the Enter key has been pressed while the widget is focused.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null
NOTE
This function is executed after the onKeyUp, onKeyDown, and onKeyPress functions.

onFocusIn

A function that is executed when the widget gets focus.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

Default Value: null

onFocusOut

A function that is executed when the widget loses focus.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

Default Value: null

onInitialized

A function used in JavaScript frameworks to save the widget instance.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

Default Value: null
See Also

onInput

A function that is executed each time the widget's input is changed while the widget is focused.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onKeyDown

A function that is executed when a user is pressing a key on the keyboard.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onKeyPress

A function that is executed when a user presses a key on the keyboard.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onKeyUp

A function that is executed when a user releases a key on the keyboard.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onOptionChanged

A function that is executed after a widget option is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

fullName

String

The path to the modified option that includes all parent options.

name

String

The modified option if it belongs to the first level. Otherwise, the first-level option it is nested into.

value any

The modified option's new value.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onPaste

A function that is executed when the widget's input has been pasted.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

Default Value: null

onValueChanged

A function that is executed after the widget's value is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

TextArea

The widget's instance.

element

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

jQueryEvent

jQuery.Event

Use 'event' instead.

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

model

Object

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

previousValue

Object

The widget's previous value.

value

Object

The widget's new value.

Default Value: null

placeholder

The text displayed by the widget when the widget value is empty.

Type:

String

Default Value: ''

readOnly

Specifies whether the editor is read-only.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

When this option is set to true, the following applies:

  • The editor's value cannot be changed using the UI.
  • Built-in action buttons are invisible.
  • Custom action buttons are visible but disabled. If a button should not be disabled, set its disabled option to false:

    jQuery
    index.js
    $(function() {
        $("#textAreaContainer").dxTextArea({
            // ...
            buttons: [{
                name: "myCustomButton",
                location: "after",
                options: {
                    onClick: function(e) {
                        // ...
                    },
                    disabled: false
                }
            }]
        });
    });
    Angular
    app.component.html
    app.component.ts
    app.module.ts
    <dx-text-area ... >
        <dxi-button
            name="myCustomButton"
            location="after"
            [options]="myCustomButtonConfig">
        </dxi-button>
    </dx-text-area>
    import { Component } from '@angular/core';
    
    @Component({
        selector: 'app-root',
        templateUrl: './app.component.html',
        styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
    })
    export class AppComponent {
        myCustomButtonConfig = {
            onClick: (e) => {
                // ...
            },
            disabled: false
        };
    }
    import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
    import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
    import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
    
    import { DxTextAreaModule } from 'devextreme-angular';
    
    @NgModule({
        declarations: [
            AppComponent
        ],
        imports: [
            BrowserModule,
            DxTextAreaModule
        ],
        providers: [ ],
        bootstrap: [AppComponent]
    })
    export class AppModule { }
    Vue
    App.vue
    <template>
        <dx-text-area ... >
            <dx-text-area-button
                name="myCustomButton"
                location="after"
                :options="myCustomButtonConfig"
            />
        </dx-text-area>
    </template>
    
    <script>
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import DxTextArea, {
        DxButton as DxTextAreaButton
    } from 'devextreme-vue/text-area';
    
    export default {
        components: {
            DxTextArea,
            DxTextAreaButton
        },
        data() {
            return {
                myCustomButtonConfig: {
                    onClick: (e) => {
                        // ...
                    },
                    disabled: false
                }
            }
        }
    }
    </script>
    React
    App.js
    import React from 'react';
    
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import TextArea, {
        Button as TextAreaButton
    } from 'devextreme-react/text-area';
    
    class App extends React.Component {
        myCustomButtonConfig = {
            onClick: (e) => {
                // ...
            },
            disabled: false
        };
        render() {
            return (
                <TextArea>
                    <TextAreaButton
                        name="myCustomButton"
                        location="after"
                        options={this.myCustomButtonConfig}
                    />
                </TextArea>
            );
        }
    }
    export default App;

    You can also hide a custom action button when the widget becomes read-only. Set the button's visible option to false in the onOptionChanged function. To get the button, use the getButton(name) method:

    jQuery
    index.js
    $(function() {
        $("#textAreaContainer").dxTextArea({
            // ...
            buttons: [{
                name: "myCustomButton",
                // ...
            }],
            onOptionChanged: function(e) {
                if(e.name == "readOnly") {
                    var myButton = e.component.getButton("myCustomButton");
                    myButton.option("visible", !e.value); // Hide the button when readOnly: true
                }
            }
        });
    });
    Angular
    app.component.html
    app.component.ts
    app.module.ts
    <dx-text-area ...
        (onOptionChanged)="changeButtonState">
        <dxi-button
            name="myCustomButton"
            ...
        ></dxi-button>
    </dx-text-area>
    import { Component } from '@angular/core';
    
    @Component({
        selector: 'app-root',
        templateUrl: './app.component.html',
        styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
    })
    export class AppComponent {
        changeButtonState(e) {
            if(e.name == 'readOnly') {
                let myButton = e.component.getButton('myCustomButton');
                myButton.option('visible', !e.value); // Hide the button when readOnly: true
            }
        }
    }
    import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
    import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
    import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
    
    import { DxTextAreaModule } from 'devextreme-angular';
    
    @NgModule({
        declarations: [
            AppComponent
        ],
        imports: [
            BrowserModule,
            DxTextAreaModule
        ],
        providers: [ ],
        bootstrap: [AppComponent]
    })
    export class AppModule { }
    Vue
    App.vue
    <template>
        <dx-text-area ...
            @option-changed="changeButtonState">
            <dx-text-area-button
                name="myCustomButton"
                ...
            />
        </dx-text-area>
    </template>
    
    <script>
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import DxTextArea, {
        DxButton as DxTextAreaButton
    } from 'devextreme-vue/text-area';
    
    export default {
        components: {
            DxTextArea,
            DxTextAreaButton
        },
        data() {
            return {
                // ...
            }
        },
        methods: {
            changeButtonState(e) {
                if(e.name == 'readOnly') {
                    let myButton = e.component.getButton('myCustomButton');
                    myButton.option('visible', !e.value); // Hide the button when readOnly: true
                }
            }
        }
    }
    </script>
    React
    App.js
    import React from 'react';
    
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.common.css';
    import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';
    
    import TextArea, {
        Button as TextAreaButton
    } from 'devextreme-react/text-area';
    
    class App extends React.Component {
        changeButtonState(e) {
            if(e.name == 'readOnly') {
                let myButton = e.component.getButton('myCustomButton');
                myButton.option('visible', !e.value); // Hide the button when readOnly: true
            }
        }
        render() {
            return (
                <TextArea ...
                    onOptionChanged={this.changeButtonState}>
                    <TextAreaButton
                        name="myCustomButton"
                        ...
                    />
                </TextArea>
            );
        }
    }
    export default App;

rtlEnabled

Switches the widget to a right-to-left representation.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

When this option is set to true, the widget text flows from right to left, and the layout of elements is reversed. To switch the entire application/site to the right-to-left representation, assign true to the rtlEnabled field of the object passed to the DevExpress.config(config) method.

JavaScript
DevExpress.config({
    rtlEnabled: true
});
See Also

spellcheck

Specifies whether or not the widget checks the inner text for spelling mistakes.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

stylingMode

Specifies how the widget's text field is styled.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'outlined', 'underlined' (Material)
Accepted Values: 'outlined' | 'underlined' | 'filled'

The following styles are available:

Text Editor Styling Modes

Use the EditorStylingMode enum to specify this option when the widget is used as an ASP.NET MVC 5 Control or a DevExtreme-Based ASP.NET Core Control. This enum accepts the following values: Outlined, Underlined, and Filled.

You can also use the global editorStylingMode setting to specify how the text fields of all editors in your application are styled.

tabIndex

Specifies the number of the element when the Tab key is used for navigating.

Type:

Number

Default Value: 0

The value of this option will be passed to the tabindex attribute of the HTML element that underlies the widget.

text

The read-only option that holds the text displayed by the widget input element.

Type:

String

Read-only

validationError

Information on the broken validation rule. Contains the first item from the validationErrors array.

Type:

Object

Default Value: null
See Also

validationErrors

An array of the validation rules that failed.

Type:

Array<Object>

Default Value: null

validationMessageMode

Specifies how the message about the validation rules that are not satisfied by this editor's value is displayed.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'auto'
Accepted Values: 'always' | 'auto'

The following option values are possible:

  • auto
    The tooltip with the message is displayed when the editor is in focus.
  • always
    The tooltip with the message is not hidden when the editor loses focus.

Use the ValidationMessageMode enum to specify this option when the widget is used as an ASP.NET MVC 5 Control or a DevExtreme-Based ASP.NET Core Control. This enum accepts the following values: Auto and Always.

validationStatus

Indicates or specifies the current validation status.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'valid'
Accepted Values: 'valid' | 'invalid' | 'pending'

The following table illustrates the validation status indicators:

validationStatus Indicator
"pending" DevExtreme editor validation status: pending
"valid" DevExtreme editor validation status: valid
"invalid" DevExtreme editor validation status: invalid

value

Specifies a value the widget displays.

Type:

String

Default Value: ''

valueChangeEvent

Specifies the DOM events after which the widget's value should be updated.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'change'

This option accepts a single event name or several names separated by spaces.

The recommended events are "keyup", "blur", "change", and "focusout", but you can use other events as well.

visible

Specifies whether the widget is visible.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

width

Specifies the widget's width.

Type:

Number

|

String

|

Function

Return Value:

Number

|

String

The widget's width.

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The width in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of width. For example, "55px", "80%", "auto", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    width: function() {
        return window.innerWidth / 1.5;
    }