Customize Item Appearance

A Pivot item includes a view and a title. For a minor customization of Pivot items, you can use the default item template. This template defines the appearance of an item depending on whether specific fields are present or absent from the item's data object. For example, the following code generates two Pivot items: the first contains only text and a title, the second is disabled.

JavaScript
$(function() {
    $("#pivotContainer").dxPivot({
        items: [{
            title: "Main courses",
            text: "First and second courses of a meal"
        }, {
            title: "Seafood",
            text: "Seafood: ocean and sea",
            disabled: true
        }],
        height: "auto"
    });
});

Using the default item template is the easiest way to customize an item, but it lacks flexibility. Instead, you can define a custom template. For AngularJS and Knockout apps, DevExtreme provides a markup component called dxTemplate. The following code gives a simple example of how you can use dxTemplate to customize pivot items and item titles.

AngularJS
HTML
JavaScript
<div ng-controller="DemoController">
    <div dx-pivot="{
        items: pivotItems,
        height: 'auto',
        itemTemplate: 'customItemTemplate',
        itemTitleTemplate: 'customTitleTemplate'
    }" dx-item-alias="pivotItem">
        <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'customTitleTemplate' }">
            <div style="color:#99ccff">{{ pivotItem.title }}</div>
        </div>
        <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'customItemTemplate' }">
            <div dx-list="{ dataSource: pivotItem.listData }" dx-item-alias="contact">
                <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'item' }">
                    <div>{{ contact.name }}</div>
                    <div>{{ contact.phone }}</div>
                    <div>{{ contact.email }}</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
angular.module('DemoApp', ['dx'])
    .controller('DemoController', function ($scope) {
        $scope.pivotItems = [{
            title: "All",
            listData: [{ 
                name: "Barbara J. Coggins", 
                phone: "512-964-2757", 
                email: "barbarajcoggins@rhyta.com"
            },
            // . . .
            ]
        },
        // . . .
        ];
    });
NOTE
The dx-item-alias directive specifies the variable that is used to access the item object.
Knockout
HTML
JavaScript
<div data-bind="dxPivot: { 
    items: pivotItems,
    height: 'auto',
    itemTemplate: 'customItemTemplate',
    itemTitleTemplate: 'customTitleTemplate' 
}">
    <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'customTitleTemplate' }">
        <div style="color:#99ccff" data-bind="text: title"></div>
    </div>
    <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'customItemTemplate' }">
        <div data-bind="dxList: { dataSource: listData }">
            <div data-options="dxTemplate: { name: 'item' }">
                <div data-bind="text: name"></div>
                <div data-bind="text: phone"></div>
                <div data-bind="text: email"></div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
var viewModel = {
    pivotItems: [{
        title: "All",
        listData: [{ 
            name: "Barbara J. Coggins", 
            phone: "512-964-2757", 
            email: "barbarajcoggins@rhyta.com"
        },
        // . . .
        ]
    },
    // . . .
    ]
};

ko.applyBindings(viewModel);

If you use jQuery alone, combine the HTML markup for items manually with jQuery DOM manipulation methods. To apply this markup, use the itemTemplate or itemTitleTemplate callback function as shown in the following code.

JavaScript
var pivotItems = [{
    title: "All",
    listData: [{ 
        name: "Barbara J. Coggins", 
        phone: "512-964-2757", 
        email: "barbarajcoggins@rhyta.com"
    },
    // . . .
    ]
},
// . . .
];

$(function() {
    $("#pivotContainer").dxPivot({
        items: pivotItems,
        height: "auto",
        itemTitleTemplate: function(itemData, itemIndex, itemElement){
            itemElement.append(
                $("<div />").attr("style", "color:#99ccff")
                            .text(itemData.title)
            );
        },
        itemTemplate: function(itemData, itemIndex, itemElement) {
            $("<div />").dxList({
                dataSource: itemData.listData,
                itemTemplate: function(itemData, itemIndex, itemElement) {
                    var infoContainer = $("<div />");
                    infoContainer.append(
                        $("<div />").text(itemData.name),
                        $("<div />").text(itemData.phone),
                        $("<div />").text(itemData.email)
                    );
                    itemElement.append(infoContainer);   
                }
            }).appendTo(itemElement);
        }
    });
});

You can also customize an individual view or title. For this purpose, declare a template for this view or title as a script and pass its id to the template or titleTemplate option, respectively.

HTML
JavaScript
<script id="individualViewTemplate" type="text/html">
    <!-- ... -->
</script>

<script id="individualTitleTemplate" type="text/html">
    <!-- ... -->
</script>
var pivotItems = [{
    title: "About",
    template: $("#individualViewTemplate"),
    titleTemplate: $("#individualTitleTemplate")
},
// ...
];

In cases when you need to manage the content of views regardless of which view is selected, use the contentTemplate option.

In addition, you can use a 3rd-party template engine to customize widget appearance. For more information, see the 3rd-Party Template Engines article.

See Also