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Timeline Chart

Timeline charts represent events in chronological order.

https://en.wikipedia.org
Backend API
import React from 'react'; import { Chart, CommonSeriesSettings, Legend, SeriesTemplate, Animation, ArgumentAxis, Tick, Title, } from 'devextreme-react/chart'; import dataSource from './data.ts'; const axisCategories = ['Royal Houses']; function App() { return ( <Chart id="chart" dataSource={dataSource} barGroupPadding={0.2} rotated={true}> <ArgumentAxis categories={axisCategories}> <Tick visible={false} /> </ArgumentAxis> <Title text="The British Monarchy" subtitle="An Abbreviated Timeline" /> <CommonSeriesSettings type="rangebar" argumentField="monarch" rangeValue1Field="start" rangeValue2Field="end" barOverlapGroup="monarch" minBarSize={4} ></CommonSeriesSettings> <Legend verticalAlignment="bottom" horizontalAlignment="center"> <Title text="Royal Houses" /> </Legend> <SeriesTemplate nameField="house" /> <Animation enabled={false} /> </Chart> ); } export default App;
import React from 'react'; import { Chart, CommonSeriesSettings, Legend, SeriesTemplate, Animation, ArgumentAxis, Tick, Title, } from 'devextreme-react/chart'; import dataSource from './data.js'; const axisCategories = ['Royal Houses']; function App() { return ( <Chart id="chart" dataSource={dataSource} barGroupPadding={0.2} rotated={true} > <ArgumentAxis categories={axisCategories}> <Tick visible={false} /> </ArgumentAxis> <Title text="The British Monarchy" subtitle="An Abbreviated Timeline" /> <CommonSeriesSettings type="rangebar" argumentField="monarch" rangeValue1Field="start" rangeValue2Field="end" barOverlapGroup="monarch" minBarSize={4} ></CommonSeriesSettings> <Legend verticalAlignment="bottom" horizontalAlignment="center" > <Title text="Royal Houses" /> </Legend> <SeriesTemplate nameField="house" /> <Animation enabled={false} /> </Chart> ); } export default App;
import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import App from './App.tsx'; ReactDOM.render( <App />, document.getElementById('app'), );
export default [ { monarch: 'Anne', start: new Date(1701, 4, 1), end: new Date(1714, 7, 1), house: 'Stuart', }, { monarch: 'George I', start: new Date(1714, 7, 1), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1727, 5, 11), }, { monarch: 'George II', start: new Date(1727, 5, 11), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1760, 9, 25), }, { monarch: 'George III', start: new Date(1760, 9, 25), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1820, 0, 29), }, { monarch: 'George IV', start: new Date(1820, 0, 29), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1830, 5, 26), }, { monarch: 'William IV', start: new Date(1830, 5, 26), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1837, 5, 20), }, { monarch: 'Victoria', start: new Date(1837, 5, 20), end: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Hanover', }, { monarch: 'Edward VII', start: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', end: new Date(1910, 4, 6), }, { monarch: 'George V', start: new Date(1910, 4, 6), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', end: new Date(1917, 5, 17), }, { monarch: 'George V', start: new Date(1917, 5, 17), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1936, 0, 20), }, { monarch: 'Edward VIII', start: new Date(1936, 0, 20), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1936, 11, 11), }, { monarch: 'George VI', start: new Date(1936, 11, 11), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1952, 1, 6), }, { monarch: 'Elizabeth II', house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(1952, 1, 6), end: new Date(2022, 8, 8), }, { monarch: 'Charles III', house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(2022, 8, 8), end: new Date(), }, { house: 'Stuart', start: new Date(1701, 4, 1), end: new Date(1714, 7, 1), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { end: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Hanover', start: new Date(1714, 7, 1), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { start: new Date(1901, 0, 22), end: new Date(1917, 5, 17), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(1917, 5, 17), end: new Date(), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, ];
window.exports = window.exports || {}; window.config = { transpiler: 'ts', typescriptOptions: { module: 'system', emitDecoratorMetadata: true, experimentalDecorators: true, jsx: 'react', }, meta: { 'react': { 'esModule': true, }, 'typescript': { 'exports': 'ts', }, 'devextreme/time_zone_utils.js': { 'esModule': true, }, 'devextreme/localization.js': { 'esModule': true, }, 'devextreme/viz/palette.js': { 'esModule': true, }, }, paths: { 'npm:': 'https://unpkg.com/', }, defaultExtension: 'js', map: { 'ts': 'npm:plugin-typescript@4.2.4/lib/plugin.js', 'typescript': 'npm:typescript@4.2.4/lib/typescript.js', 'react': 'npm:react@17.0.2/umd/react.development.js', 'react-dom': 'npm:react-dom@17.0.2/umd/react-dom.development.js', 'prop-types': 'npm:prop-types@15.8.1/prop-types.js', 'rrule': 'npm:rrule@2.6.4/dist/es5/rrule.js', 'luxon': 'npm:luxon@1.28.1/build/global/luxon.min.js', 'es6-object-assign': 'npm:es6-object-assign@1.1.0', 'devextreme': 'npm:devextreme@24.1.3/cjs', 'devextreme-react': 'npm:devextreme-react@24.1.3/cjs', 'jszip': 'npm:jszip@3.10.1/dist/jszip.min.js', 'devextreme-quill': 'npm:devextreme-quill@1.7.1/dist/dx-quill.min.js', 'devexpress-diagram': 'npm:devexpress-diagram@2.2.8/dist/dx-diagram.js', 'devexpress-gantt': 'npm:devexpress-gantt@4.1.56/dist/dx-gantt.js', '@devextreme/runtime': 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@3.0.13', 'inferno': 'npm:inferno@7.4.11/dist/inferno.min.js', 'inferno-compat': 'npm:inferno-compat/dist/inferno-compat.min.js', 'inferno-create-element': 'npm:inferno-create-element@7.4.11/dist/inferno-create-element.min.js', 'inferno-dom': 'npm:inferno-dom/dist/inferno-dom.min.js', 'inferno-hydrate': 'npm:inferno-hydrate@7.4.11/dist/inferno-hydrate.min.js', 'inferno-clone-vnode': 'npm:inferno-clone-vnode/dist/inferno-clone-vnode.min.js', 'inferno-create-class': 'npm:inferno-create-class/dist/inferno-create-class.min.js', 'inferno-extras': 'npm:inferno-extras/dist/inferno-extras.min.js', 'devextreme-cldr-data': 'npm:devextreme-cldr-data@1.0.3', // SystemJS plugins 'plugin-babel': 'npm:systemjs-plugin-babel@0.0.25/plugin-babel.js', 'systemjs-babel-build': 'npm:systemjs-plugin-babel@0.0.25/systemjs-babel-browser.js', // Prettier 'prettier/standalone': 'npm:prettier@2.8.8/standalone.js', 'prettier/parser-html': 'npm:prettier@2.8.8/parser-html.js', }, packages: { 'devextreme': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, 'devextreme-react': { main: 'index.js', }, 'devextreme/events/utils': { main: 'index', }, 'devextreme/localization/messages': { format: 'json', defaultExtension: 'json', }, 'devextreme/events': { main: 'index', }, 'es6-object-assign': { main: './index.js', defaultExtension: 'js', }, }, packageConfigPaths: [ 'npm:@devextreme/*/package.json', 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@3.0.13/inferno/package.json', ], babelOptions: { sourceMaps: false, stage0: true, react: true, }, }; System.config(window.config);
import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import App from './App.js'; ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('app'));
export default [ { monarch: 'Anne', start: new Date(1701, 4, 1), end: new Date(1714, 7, 1), house: 'Stuart', }, { monarch: 'George I', start: new Date(1714, 7, 1), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1727, 5, 11), }, { monarch: 'George II', start: new Date(1727, 5, 11), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1760, 9, 25), }, { monarch: 'George III', start: new Date(1760, 9, 25), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1820, 0, 29), }, { monarch: 'George IV', start: new Date(1820, 0, 29), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1830, 5, 26), }, { monarch: 'William IV', start: new Date(1830, 5, 26), house: 'Hanover', end: new Date(1837, 5, 20), }, { monarch: 'Victoria', start: new Date(1837, 5, 20), end: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Hanover', }, { monarch: 'Edward VII', start: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', end: new Date(1910, 4, 6), }, { monarch: 'George V', start: new Date(1910, 4, 6), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', end: new Date(1917, 5, 17), }, { monarch: 'George V', start: new Date(1917, 5, 17), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1936, 0, 20), }, { monarch: 'Edward VIII', start: new Date(1936, 0, 20), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1936, 11, 11), }, { monarch: 'George VI', start: new Date(1936, 11, 11), house: 'Windsor', end: new Date(1952, 1, 6), }, { monarch: 'Elizabeth II', house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(1952, 1, 6), end: new Date(2022, 8, 8), }, { monarch: 'Charles III', house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(2022, 8, 8), end: new Date(), }, { house: 'Stuart', start: new Date(1701, 4, 1), end: new Date(1714, 7, 1), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { end: new Date(1901, 0, 22), house: 'Hanover', start: new Date(1714, 7, 1), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { start: new Date(1901, 0, 22), end: new Date(1917, 5, 17), house: 'Saxe-Coburg and Gotha', monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, { house: 'Windsor', start: new Date(1917, 5, 17), end: new Date(), monarch: 'Royal Houses', }, ];
<!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <title>DevExtreme Demo</title> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" /> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=5.0" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn3.devexpress.com/jslib/24.1.3/css/dx.light.css" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css" /> <script src="https://unpkg.com/core-js@2.6.12/client/shim.min.js"></script> <script src="https://unpkg.com/systemjs@0.21.3/dist/system.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="config.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> System.import("./index.tsx"); </script> </head> <body class="dx-viewport"> <div class="demo-container"> <div id="app"></div> </div> </body> </html>
#chart { height: 440px; }

The exact timeline chart implementation steps depend on the data source. Below are general recommendations on how to create a timeline chart.  

  • Choose a series type
    Each event is represented by its name and start/end dates. In this case, the series type should have points with one argument and two values, for example, the Range Bar.

  • Bind the series to data
    You can bind the series to data directly or use a series template (depending on the data source). These approaches and their differences are described in the Bind Series to Data article. In this demo, we use a series template.

  • Line up bars
    Specify the barOverlapGroup to arrange bars in a line that displays a combined timeline.

  • Rotate the chart
    A range bar chart's bars are vertical. To make them horizontal, set the rotated property to true.

  • Sort the events chronologically
    Arguments maintain objects' order in the data source. If this order is not chronological, use the axis' categories array to specify the order.