Configuration

An object that defines configuration options for the PieChart widget.

adaptiveLayout

Specifies adaptive layout options.

Type:

Object

When adapting to small container size, the widget may hide its accessory elements, thus saving space for more valuable ones. The elements are being hidden in the following sequence.

  1. Title
  2. Export menu icon
  3. Legend
  4. Point labels (can be saved by setting the adaptiveLayout.keepLabels option to true)

To specify the widget's size small enough for the layout to begin adapting, use the height and width options of the adaptiveLayout object.

View Demo on JSFiddle

animation

Specifies animation options.

Type:

Object

|

Boolean

The widget animate its elements at the beginning of its lifetime and when the data source changes.

commonSeriesSettings

An object defining the configuration options that are common for all series of the PieChart widget.

Type:

Object

Use this object's properties to set options for all chart series at once.

customizeLabel

Customizes the appearance of an individual point label.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
pointInfo:

Object

Information on the series point.

Return Value:

Point Label

The label's configuration.

All point labels in a chart are identical by default, but you can specify a unique appearance for individual labels using the customizeLabel function. This function should return an object with options that will be changed for a certain label. See the label object for information about all options available for changing.

The customizeLabel function accepts an object providing information about the series point that the label belongs to. This object contains the following fields.

Field Description
argument The argument of the series point.
value The value of the series point.
tag The tag of the series point.
series The series that includes the series point.
index The index of the series point in the points array.

customizePoint

Customizes the appearance of an individual series point.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
pointInfo:

Object

Information on the series point.

Return Value:

Point configuration

The point's configuration.

By default, all the points of a pie are displayed identically. But you can specify different appearance for certain points using the customizePoint field. Assign a function to this field. This function should return an object with options that should be changed for a certain point. The following pie options can be changed.

When implementing a callback function for this option, use the argument or value of a point. They can be accessed using the following fields of the function's parameter.

  • argument
    The argument of the point.
  • value
    The value of the point.
  • tag
    The tag of the point.
  • index
    The index of the point in the points array.

In addition, these values can be accessed using the this object.

dataSource

Specifies the widget's data origin.

Cannot be used in themes.

This option accepts one of the following:

  • Array of objects
    A simple JavaScript array containing a collection of plain objects. See demo.

  • URL
    A URL to JSON data or a service returning data in JSON format. See demo.

  • DataSource or its configuration object
    A DataSource is an object that provides an API for data processing. Learn more about it from the Data Layer and DataSource Examples guides. See demo.

    NOTE
    Turn the DataSource's pagination off to prevent data from partitioning.
NOTE
Data field names should not contain the following characters: ., ,, :, [, and ]. Their presence may cause issues in the widget's operation.
See Also

diameter

Specifies the diameter of the pie.

Type:

Number

Default Value: undefined

This option accepts a number that identifies the ratio between the pie's diameter and the widget's width or height (depending on which of them is less). For example, assume that the widget's size is 300x500 pixels and the diameter option is set to 0.5. Then, the resulting diameter of the pie will be:

0.5 * min(300,500) = 0.5 * 300 = 150 pixels

See Also

elementAttr

Specifies the attributes to be attached to the widget's root element.

Type:

Object

Default Value: {}

You can configure this option in an ASP.NET MVC Control as follows:

Razor C#
Razor VB
@(Html.DevExtreme().WidgetName()
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new {
        @id = "elementId",
        @class = "class-name"
    })
    // ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(new Dictionary<string, object>() {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })

)
@(Html.DevExtreme().WidgetName() _
    .ElementAttr("class", "class-name")
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New With {
        .id = "elementId",
        .class = "class-name"
    })
    ' ===== or =====
    .ElementAttr(New Dictionary(Of String, Object) From {
        { "id", "elementId" },
        { "class", "class-name" }
    })
)

export

Configures the exporting and printing features.

Type:

Object

These features allow a user to export your widget into a document or print it. When exporting is enabled, the "Exporting/Printing" button appears in the widget. A click on it invokes a drop-down menu that lists exporting and printing commands. The following formats are supported for exporting into: PNG, PDF, JPEG, SVG and GIF.

NOTE
Safari on Mac OS does not implement an API for saving files. Therefore, exporting in these browsers requires setting up a server-side proxy. For details, refer to the proxyUrl option description.
See Also

Watch Video

innerRadius

Specifies the fraction of the inner radius relative to the total radius in the series of the 'doughnut' type. The value should be between 0 and 1.

Type:

Number

Default Value: 0.5

Use this option to change the amount of space occupied by the inner area of the doughnut-type pie chart.

legend

Specifies PieChart legend options.

Type:

Object

The PieChart widget can include a legend. It helps you distinguish and identify the points of the displayed series. Each point is presented by an item on the legend. An item marker identifies the point's (slice's) color. An item label displays a value corresponding to the point. Use the legend property to set up PieChart legend options to the required values. To learn more about the legend and its options, refer to the Legend topic.

loadingIndicator

Configures the loading indicator.

Type:

Object

When the widget visualizes local data, loading is instant. But when the widget is bound to a remote data source, loading may takes a considerable amount of time. To keep the viewer's attention, the widget can display a loading indicator.

DevExtreme HTML5 Charts LoadingIndicator

To activate the loading indicator, assign true to the loadingIndicator.show option. Once data is loaded, the loading indicator will be hidden automatically.

See Also

margin

Generates space around the widget.

Type:

Object

WidgetMargin DevExtreme ChartJS

minDiameter

Specifies the minimum diameter of the pie.

Type:

Number

Default Value: 0.5

This option specifies the minimum ratio between the pie's diameter and the widget's width or height (depending on which of them is less). For example, assume that the widget's size is 300x500 pixels and the minDiameter option is 0.7. Then, the diameter of the pie will never be less than:

0.7 * min(300,500) = 0.7 * 300 = 210 pixels

NOTE
This option is ignored if the diameter option is set.
See Also

onDisposing

A handler for the disposing event. Executed when the widget is removed from the DOM using the remove(), empty(), or html() jQuery methods only.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onDone

A function that is executed when all series are ready.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

onDrawn

A function that is executed when the widget's rendering has finished.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

onExported

A handler for the exported event. Executed after data from the widget is exported.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onExporting

A handler for the exporting event. Executed before data from the widget is exported.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

fileName:

String

The name of the file to which the widget is about to be exported.

cancel:

Boolean

Allows you to prevent exporting.

format:

String

The resulting file format. One of PNG, PDF, JPEG, SVG and GIF.

Default Value: null

onFileSaving

A handler for the fileSaving event. Executed before a file with exported data is saved on the user's local storage.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

fileName:

String

The name of the file to be saved.

format:

String

The format of the file to be saved.
Possible Values: 'PNG' | 'PDF' | 'JPEG' | 'SVG' | 'GIF'

data:

BLOB

Exported data as a BLOB.

cancel:

Boolean

Allows you to prevent file saving.

Default Value: null

onIncidentOccurred

A handler for the incidentOccurred event. Executed when an error or warning appears in the widget.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

target: any

Information on the occurred incident.

Default Value: null

When an error or warning appears, the widget notifies you by passing a message to the browser console. This message contains the ID of the incident, a brief description, and a link to the Errors and Warnings section where further information about this incident can be found. However, you can handle errors and warnings in the way that you require. To do this, implement a callback function performing the required actions and assign it to the onIncidentOccurred option. Within this function, you can use information about the incident that occurred. This information can be accessed from the target field of the object passed to the callback function as a parameter. This information includes the following.

  • id
    Contains the ID of the incident. The full list of IDs can be found in the Errors and Warnings section.
  • type
    Contains the type of the incident. This field equals "error" for errors or "warning" for warnings.
  • args
    Contains the argument of the incident's message. The content of this field varies greatly, depending on the incident. For example, it may contain the name of the data source field that was not specified correctly, or the name of the option that was not set properly.
  • text
    Contains the text passed to the browser console. This text includes the content of the args field, if there are any.
  • widget
    Contains the name of the widget that produced the error or warning.
  • version
    Contains the currently used version of the DevExtreme library.

onInitialized

A handler for the initialized event. Executed only once, after the widget is initialized.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

Default Value: null

You cannot access widget elements in this handler because it is executed before they are ready. Use the onDrawn handler instead.

onLegendClick

A handler for the legendClick event.

Type:

function

|

String

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

jQueryEvent:

jQuery.Event

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

event:

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the handler execution. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

target:

String

|

Number

The argument of the point(s) corresponding to the clicked legend item.

points:

Array<Point>

The Point object(s).

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

This option accepts a function that executes custom commands or a URL to which the user must be navigated when the legendClick event is raised.

See Also

onOptionChanged

A handler for the optionChanged event. Executed after an option of the widget is changed.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

name:

String

The option's short name.

fullName:

String

The option's full name.

value: any

The option's new value.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onPointClick

A handler for the pointClick event.

Type:

function

|

String

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

jQueryEvent:

jQuery.Event

The jQuery event that caused the handler execution. Deprecated in favor of the event field.

event:

Event (jQuery or dxEvent)

The event that caused the handler execution. It is a dxEvent or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

target:

Point

The clicked series point; described in the Point section.

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

When implementing a handling function, use the object passed to it as its parameter. Among the fields of this object, you can find the clicked series point. To learn about point members, refer to the description of the Point object. To get the parent series of the point, use the target.series field of the object passed to the handler as its parameter.

Alternatively, you can navigate to a specific URL when the pointClick event fires. For this purpose, assign this URL to the onPointClick option.

To learn more about how to handle click operations, and to see an example, refer to the Click Handling topic.

View Demo

onPointHoverChanged

A handler for the pointHoverChanged event.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Object

The widget's container.

target:

Point

The series point whose hover state has been changed; described in the Point section.

Cannot be used in themes.

When implementing a handling function, use the object passed to it as its parameter. Among the fields of this object, you can find the series point whose hover state has been changed. To identify whether this point was hovered over or hovered out, call its isHovered() method. To discover point fields and methods, refer to the Point class description.

To learn more about how to handle hover operations, refer to the Hover Handling topic.

onPointSelectionChanged

A handler for the pointSelectionChanged event.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Object

The widget's container.

target:

Point

The series point whose selection state has been changed; described in the Point section.

Cannot be used in themes.

When implementing a handling function, use the object passed to it as its parameter. Among the fields of this object, you can find the series point whose selection state has been changed. To identify whether this point was selected or deselected, call its isSelected() method. To discover point fields and methods that you can use, refer to the Point class description.

To learn more about how to handle selection, refer to the Selection Handling topic.

onTooltipHidden

A handler for the tooltipHidden event.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

target:

Point

The series point whose tooltip is hidden; described in the Point section.

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

The point's tooltip becomes invisible when a user hovers the mouse cursor over another series point. In addition, you can hide a tooltip in code, using the hideTooltip() method of the chart or point.

When a tooltip is made hidden, you can perform specific actions by handling the tooltipHidden event. To do this, implement a handling function and assign it to the onTooltipHidden option. When implementing this function, use the object passed to it as its parameter. Among the fields of this object, you can find the series point whose tooltip becomes hidden.

onTooltipShown

A handler for the tooltipShown event.

Type:

function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
component:

Object

The widget's instance.

element:

Element (jQuery or HTML)

The widget's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model:

Object

The model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

target:

Point

The series point whose tooltip is shown; described in the Point section.

Default Value: null
Cannot be used in themes.

The point's tooltip appears when a user hovers the mouse cursor over the point. In addition, you can show a tooltip in code, using the showTooltip() method of the chart or point.

When a tooltip appears, you can perform specific actions by handling the tooltipShown event. To do this, implement a handling function and assign it to the onTooltipShown option. When implementing this function, use the object passed to it as its parameter. Among the fields of this object, you can find the series point whose tooltip appears.

palette

Sets the palette to be used to colorize series and their elements.

Type:

Array<String>

|

String

Default Value: 'Material'
Accepted Values: 'Bright' | 'Harmony Light' | 'Ocean' | 'Pastel' | 'Soft' | 'Soft Pastel' | 'Vintage' | 'Violet' | 'Carmine' | 'Dark Moon' | 'Dark Violet' | 'Green Mist' | 'Soft Blue' | 'Material' | 'Office'

This option accepts either the name of a predefined palette or an array of colors. The array can include the following colors:

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, you can specify this option using the VizPalette enum. This enum accepts the following values: Default, SoftPastel, HarmonyLight, Pastel, Bright, Soft, Ocean, Vintage, Violet, Carmine, DarkMoon, SoftBlue, DarkViolet and GreenMist.

See Also

paletteExtensionMode

Specifies what to do with colors in the palette when their number is less than the number of series (in the Chart widget) or points in a series (in the PieChart widget).

Type:

String

Default Value: 'blend'
Accepted Values: 'alternate' | 'blend' | 'extrapolate'

The following variants are available:

  • "blend"
    Create a blend of two neighboring colors and insert it between these colors in the palette.

  • "alternate"
    Repeat the full set of palette colors, alternating their normal, lightened, and darkened shades in that order.

  • "extrapolate"
    Repeat the full set of palette colors, changing their shade gradually from dark to light.

pathModified

Notifies the widget that it is embedded into an HTML page that uses a tag modifying the path.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false
Cannot be used in themes.

If you place the widget on a page that uses a tag modifying the path (<base>, <iframe>, etc.), some of the widget elements may get mixed up or disappear. To solve this problem, set the pathModified option to true.

See Also

pointSelectionMode

Specifies whether a single point or multiple points can be selected in the chart.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'single'
Accepted Values: 'multiple' | 'single'

To set the points to highlight along with the selected point, set the series.selectionMode option.

To learn how to select a point, refer to the Selection Handling topic.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the ChartElementSelectionMode enum. This enum accepts the following values: Single and Multiple.

redrawOnResize

Specifies whether to redraw the widget when the size of the parent browser window changes or a mobile device rotates.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true
Cannot be used in themes.

When this option is set to true, the widget will be redrawn automatically in case the size of its parent window changes.

NOTE
To redraw the widget after the size of its container has changed, call the render() method of the widget's instance.

resolveLabelOverlapping

Specifies how a chart must behave when point labels overlap.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'none'
Accepted Values: 'hide' | 'none' | 'shift'

Series point labels display series point values. If the series in your pie chart contains a large number of points, point labels may overlap. In this case, specify how the chart must resolve overlapping using the resolveLabelOverlapping option. To hide certain labels, set this option to 'hide'. Labels to be hidden will be determined automatically. To resolve overlapping by shifting labels from their positions, set the resolveLabelOverlapping option to 'shift'. In this case, it is recommended that you display label connectors so that pie segments are connected with their labels. If there is not enough space for all labels after they are shifted, labels with the smallest values will be hidden.

NOTE
If the position option is set to "inside", the "shift" mode in label overlapping is not available.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the PieChartResolveLabelOverlapping enum. This enum accepts the following values: None, Hide and Shift.

View Demo

rtlEnabled

Switches the widget to a right-to-left representation.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false
Cannot be used in themes.

When this option is set to true, the widget text flows from right to left, and the layout of elements is reversed. To switch the entire application/site to the right-to-left representation, assign true to the rtlEnabled field of the object passed to the DevExpress.config(config) method.

JavaScript
DevExpress.config({
    rtlEnabled: true
});

segmentsDirection

Specifies the direction that the pie chart segments will occupy.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'clockwise'
Accepted Values: 'anticlockwise' | 'clockwise'

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the PieChartSegmentsDirection enum. This enum accepts the following values: Clockwise and AntiClockwise.

series

Specifies options for the series of the PieChart widget.

Type:

Object

|

Array<Object>

Default Value: undefined

A series represents a group of related data points. To configure a series, assign an object to the series option. If PieChart must contain several series, assign an array of such objects to the same option. Refer to the Series Overview topic to learn the basics of what a series is, what it does, and how it helps.

The definitive characteristic of a series is its type. The PieChart widget provides two series types - Pie and Doughnut.

When you have a multi-series pie, settings that are common for all series can be specified all together. Use the commonSeriesSettings object to do this.

seriesTemplate

Defines options for the series template.

Type:

Object

Default Value: undefined
Cannot be used in themes.

In most cases, you can organize the array that is assigned to the chart's dataSource option in the following way.

[
    {arg: arg1Value, series1Value: val11, series2Value: val12, ...}
    {arg: arg2Value, series1Value: val21, series2Value: val22, ...}
    ...
    {arg: argNValue, series1Value: valN1, series2Value: valN2, ...}
]

Each object that is included in the array represents an argument value and the values of all series for this argument.

However, there are some scenarios in which you do not know exactly how many series will be added. In these cases, you will not be able to define the data source in the manner detailed above. Instead, define it in the following way.

[
    {seriesName: series1, arg: arg11Value, val: value11 }
    {seriesName: series1, arg: arg12Value, val: value12 }
    ...
    {seriesName: seriesM, arg: argM1Value, val: valueM1 }
    {seriesName: seriesM, arg: argM2Value, val: valueM2 }
    ...
]

If you define a data source in this manner, set the argument and value fields using the argumentField and valueField properties of the commonSeriesSettings configuration object (for all series at once). Then, define a template for the series using the seriesTemplate configuration object. Within this object, set the data source field that specifies the series name to the nameField option.

If you need to specify individual values for options of a particular series, assign a callback function to the customizeSeries option of the seriesTemplate object.

size

Specifies the widget's size in pixels.

Type:

Object

Default Value: undefined

The widget occupies its container's entire area by default. Use the size object to specify the widget's size if it should be different from that of its container. Assign 0 to size object's height and width options to hide the widget.

sizeGroup

Allows you to display several adjoining pies in the same size.

Type:

String

Default Value: undefined

Besides the pie itself, the PieChart widget comprises other diverse elements that affect the size of the pie. Therefore, when you display several PieChart widgets side by side, their pies may differ in size. To eliminate these differences, collect all the PieChart widgets in a single size group by setting their sizeGroup option to identical values. The widgets should have identical layouts, that is, the same container's size, position of the title and legend, etc. Note also that a single page can contain many size groups, but a widget can be a member of only one of them.

See Also

startAngle

Specifies the angle in arc degrees from which the first segment of a pie chart should start.

Type:

Number

Default Value: 0

theme

Sets the name of the theme the widget uses.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'generic.light'
Accepted Values: 'generic.dark' | 'generic.light' | 'generic.contrast' | 'ios7.default' | 'generic.carmine' | 'generic.darkmoon' | 'generic.darkviolet' | 'generic.greenmist' | 'generic.softblue' | 'material.blue.light' | 'material.lime.light' | 'material.orange.light' | 'material.purple.light' | 'material.teal.light'

A theme is a widget configuration that gives the widget a distinctive appearance. Use can use one of the predefined themes or create a custom one. Changing the option values in the widget's configuration object overrides the theme's corresponding values.

NOTE
The following themes were deprecated or renamed: 'desktop', 'desktop-dark', 'android', 'android-holo-light', *android5.light*, 'ios', 'win8', 'win8-white', 'win8.white', 'win8.black', 'win10.white', 'win10.black'. In new applications, use themes listed in the accepted values.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the VizTheme enum. This enum accepts the following values: GenericLight, GenericDark, GenericContrast, GenericCarmine, GenericDarkMoon, GenericSoftBlue, GenericDarkViolet, GenericGreenMist, IOS7Default, MaterialBlueLight, MaterialLimeLight, MaterialOrangeLight, MaterialPurpleLight, MaterialTealLight.

title

Configures the widget's title.

Type:

Object

|

String

The widget's title is a short text that usually indicates what is visualized. If you need to specify the title's text only, assign it directly to the title option. Otherwise, set this option to an object with the text and other fields specified.

The title can be accompanied by a subtitle elaborating on the visualized subject using the title.subtitle object.

tooltip

Configures tooltips.

Type:

Object

A tooltip is a miniature rectangle displaying values of a series point. A tooltip appears when the end-user hovers the cursor over a series point. You can enable/disable tooltips, change their appearance and format their text using fields of the tooltip configuration object.

type

Specifies the type of the pie chart series.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'pie'
Accepted Values: 'donut' | 'doughnut' | 'pie'

See Series Overview for details.

When using the widget as an ASP.NET MVC Control, specify this option using the PieChartType enum. This enum accepts the following values: Pie, Doughnut and Donut.