Configuration

This section describes properties that configure the HtmlEditor UI component's contents, behavior, and appearance.

See Also

accessKey

Specifies the shortcut key that sets focus on the UI component.

Type:

String

Default Value: undefined

The value of this property will be passed to the accesskey attribute of the HTML element that underlies the UI component.

activeStateEnabled

Specifies whether or not the UI component changes its state when interacting with a user.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

This property is used when the UI component is displayed on a platform whose guidelines include the active state change for UI components.

customizeModules

Allows you to customize the DevExtreme Quill and 3rd-party modules.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
config:

Object

Module configurations.

The DevExtreme Quill modules and the API you can use to customize them are described in the Modules documentation section. For example, the History module, which handles the undo and redo operations, can be customized as follows:

jQuery
index.js
$(function() {
    $("#htmlEditorContainer").dxHtmlEditor({
        // ...
        customizeModules: function(config) {
            config.history = {
                delay: 0,
                maxStack: 5000
            }; 
        }
    });
});
Angular
app.component.html
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
<dx-html-editor ...
    [customizeModules]="customizeQuillModules">
</dx-html-editor>
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-root',
    templateUrl: './app.component.html',
    styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class AppComponent {
    customizeQuillModules(config) {
        config.history = {
            delay: 0,
            maxStack: 5000
        }; 
    }
}
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

import { DxHtmlEditorModule } from 'devextreme-angular';
@NgModule({
    declarations: [
        AppComponent
    ],
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        DxHtmlEditorModule
    ],
    providers: [ ],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Vue
App.vue
<template>
    <DxHtmlEditor ...
        :customize-modules="customizeQuillModules"
    />
</template>

<script>
import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';

import DxHtmlEditor from 'devextreme-vue/html-editor';

export default {
    components: {
        DxHtmlEditor
    },
    methods: {
        customizeQuillModules(config) {
            config.history = {
                delay: 0,
                maxStack: 5000
            }; 
        }
    }
}
</script>
React
App.js
import React from 'react';

import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';

import HtmlEditor from 'devextreme-react/html-editor';

class App extends React.Component {
    render() {
        return (
            <HtmlEditor ...
                customizeModules={this.customizeQuillModules}
            />
        );
    }
    customizeQuillModules(config) {
        config.history = {
            delay: 0,
            maxStack: 5000
        }; 
    }
}
export default App;

If 3rd-party modules are used in the HtmlEditor, refer to their documentation for information on the API.

See Also

disabled

Specifies whether the UI component responds to user interaction.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

elementAttr

Specifies the global attributes to be attached to the UI component's container element.

Type: any
Default Value: {}

jQuery
$(function(){
    $("#htmlEditorContainer").dxHtmlEditor({
        // ...
        elementAttr: {
            id: "elementId",
            class: "class-name"
        }
    });
});
Angular
HTML
TypeScript
<dx-html-editor ...
    [elementAttr]="{ id: 'elementId', class: 'class-name' }">
</dx-html-editor>
import { DxHtmlEditorModule } from "devextreme-angular";
// ...
export class AppComponent {
    // ...
}
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        // ...
        DxHtmlEditorModule
    ],
    // ...
})
Vue
App.vue
<template>
    <DxHtmlEditor ...
        :element-attr="htmlEditorAttributes">
    </DxHtmlEditor>
</template>

<script>
import DxHtmlEditor from 'devextreme-vue/html-editor';

export default {
    components: {
        DxHtmlEditor
    },
    data() {
        return {
            htmlEditorAttributes: {
                id: 'elementId',
                class: 'class-name'
            }
        }
    }
}
</script>
React
App.js
import React from 'react';

import HtmlEditor from 'devextreme-react/html-editor';

class App extends React.Component {
    htmlEditorAttributes = {
        id: 'elementId',
        class: 'class-name'
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <HtmlEditor ...
                elementAttr={this.htmlEditorAttributes}>
            </HtmlEditor>
        );
    }
}
export default App;

focusStateEnabled

Specifies whether the UI component can be focused using keyboard navigation.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

height

Specifies the UI component's height.

Type:

Number

|

String

|

Function

Return Value:

Number

|

String

The UI component's height.

Default Value: undefined

This property accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The height in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of height. For example, "55px", "80%", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    height: function() {
        return window.innerHeight / 1.5;
    }

hint

Specifies text for a hint that appears when a user pauses on the UI component.

Type:

String

Default Value: undefined

hoverStateEnabled

Specifies whether the UI component changes its state when a user pauses on it.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

isValid

Specifies or indicates whether the editor's value is valid.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

NOTE
When you use async rules, isValid is true if the status is "pending" or "valid".
See Also

mediaResizing

Configures media resizing.

Type:

Object

Default Value: null

mentions[]

Configures mentions.

Type:

Array<Object>

Default Value: null

name

The value to be assigned to the name attribute of the underlying HTML element.

Type:

String

Default Value: ''

Specify this property if the UI component lies within an HTML form that will be submitted.

onContentReady

A function that is executed when the UI component's content is ready and each time the content is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

HtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model any

Model data. Available only when using Knockout.

Default Value: null

onDisposing

A function that is executed before the UI component is disposed of.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

HtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model any

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

onFocusIn

A function that is executed when the UI component gets focus.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event that caused the function execution.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
event

Event (jQuery or EventObject)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is an EventObject or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

component dxHtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model any

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

See Also

onFocusOut

A function that is executed when the UI component loses focus.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event that caused the function execution.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
event

Event (jQuery or EventObject)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is an EventObject or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery.

component dxHtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model any

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

See Also

onInitialized

A function used in JavaScript frameworks to save the UI component instance.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

HtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

Default Value: null

See Also

onOptionChanged

A function that is executed after a UI component property is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

HtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

fullName

String

The path to the modified property that includes all parent properties.

name

String

The modified property if it belongs to the first level. Otherwise, the first-level property it is nested into.

value any

The modified property's new value.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

model any

Model data. Available only if you use Knockout.

Default Value: null

The following example shows how to subscribe to component property changes:

jQuery
index.js
$(function() {
    $("#htmlEditorContainer").dxHtmlEditor({
        // ...
        onOptionChanged: function(e) {
            if(e.name === "changedProperty") {
                // handle the property change here
            }
        }
    });
});
Angular
app.component.html
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
<dx-html-editor ...
    (onOptionChanged)="handlePropertyChange($event)"> 
</dx-html-editor>
import { Component } from '@angular/core'; 

@Component({ 
    selector: 'app-root', 
    templateUrl: './app.component.html', 
    styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'] 
}) 

export class AppComponent { 
    // ...
    handlePropertyChange(e) {
        if(e.name === "changedProperty") { 
            // handle the property change here
        }
    }
}
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser'; 
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core'; 
import { AppComponent } from './app.component'; 
import { DxHtmlEditorModule } from 'devextreme-angular'; 

@NgModule({ 
    declarations: [ 
        AppComponent 
    ], 
    imports: [ 
        BrowserModule, 
        DxHtmlEditorModule 
    ], 
    providers: [ ], 
    bootstrap: [AppComponent] 
}) 

export class AppModule { }  
Vue
App.vue
<template> 
    <DxHtmlEditor ...
        @option-changed="handlePropertyChange"
    />            
</template> 

<script>  
import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css'; 
import DxHtmlEditor from 'devextreme-vue/html-editor'; 

export default { 
    components: { 
        DxHtmlEditor
    }, 
    // ...
    methods: { 
        handlePropertyChange: function(e) {
            if(e.name === "changedProperty") {
                // handle the property change here
            }
        }
    } 
} 
</script> 
React
App.js
import React from 'react';  
import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css'; 

import HtmlEditor from 'devextreme-react/html-editor'; 

const handlePropertyChange = (e) => {
    if(e.name === "changedProperty") {
        // handle the property change here
    }
}

export default function App() { 
    return ( 
        <HtmlEditor ...
            onOptionChanged={handlePropertyChange}
        />        
    ); 
} 

onValueChanged

A function that is executed after the UI component's value is changed.

Type:

Function

Function parameters:
e:

Object

Information about the event.

Object structure:
Name Type Description
component

HtmlEditor

The UI component's instance.

element

HTMLElement | jQuery

The UI component's container. It is an HTML Element or a jQuery Element when you use jQuery.

event

Event (jQuery or EventObject)

The event that caused the function to execute. It is an EventObject or a jQuery.Event when you use jQuery. This field is undefined if the value is changed programmatically.

model any

Model data. Available only if Knockout is used.

previousValue

Object

The UI component's previous value.

value

Object

The UI component's new value.

Default Value: null

placeholder

Specifies the text displayed when the input field is empty.

Type:

String

Default Value: ''

readOnly

Specifies whether the editor is read-only.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

rtlEnabled

Switches the UI component to a right-to-left representation.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: false

When this property is set to true, the UI component text flows from right to left, and the layout of elements is reversed. To switch the entire application/site to the right-to-left representation, assign true to the rtlEnabled field of the object passed to the DevExpress.config(config) method.

JavaScript
DevExpress.config({
    rtlEnabled: true
});

DataGrid Demo Navigation UI Demo Editors Demo

stylingMode

Specifies how the HtmlEditor's toolbar and content field are styled.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'outlined'
Accepted Values: 'outlined' | 'underlined' | 'filled'

The following styles are available:

DevExtreme HTML5 JavaScript HtmlEditor Outlined Style DevExtreme HTML5 JavaScript HtmlEditor Underlined Style DevExtreme HTML5 JavaScript HtmlEditor Filled Style

You can also use the global editorStylingMode setting to specify how the text fields of all editors in your application are styled.

tabIndex

Specifies the number of the element when the Tab key is used for navigating.

Type:

Number

Default Value: 0

The value of this property will be passed to the tabindex attribute of the HTML element that underlies the UI component.

toolbar

Configures the UI component's toolbar.

Default Value: null

DevExtreme HTML5 JavaScript HtmlEditor Toolbar

View Demo

See Also

validationError

Information on the broken validation rule. Contains the first item from the validationErrors array.

Type: any
Default Value: null

See Also

validationErrors

An array of the validation rules that failed.

Type:

Array<any>

Default Value: null

validationMessageMode

Specifies how the message about the validation rules that are not satisfied by this editor's value is displayed.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'auto'
Accepted Values: 'always' | 'auto'

The following property values are possible:

  • auto
    The tooltip with the message is displayed when the editor is in focus.
  • always
    The tooltip with the message is not hidden when the editor loses focus.

validationStatus

Indicates or specifies the current validation status.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'valid'
Accepted Values: 'valid' | 'invalid' | 'pending'

The following table illustrates the validation status indicators:

validationStatus Indicator
"pending" DevExtreme editor validation status: pending
"valid" DevExtreme editor validation status: valid
"invalid" DevExtreme editor validation status: invalid

value

Specifies the UI component's value.

Type: any
Default Value: null
Raised Events: valueChanged

valueType

Specifies in which markup language the value is stored.

Type:

String

Default Value: 'html'
Accepted Values: 'html' | 'markdown'

Markdown requires the turndown and showdown libraries. If you use browser scripts, link them before the DevExtreme scripts as shown below:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/turndown/dist/turndown.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/showdown/1.8.7/showdown.min.js"></script>
<!-- DevExtreme scripts go here -->

If you use JavaScript modules, import the Markdown converter:

import "devextreme/ui/html_editor/converters/markdown";
// or
// require("ui/html_editor/converters/markdown");

View Demo

variables

Configures variables, which are placeholders to be replaced with actual values when processing text.

Default Value: null

A user can insert variables in the text and remove them, but never modify them.

jQuery
JavaScript
$(function(){
    $("#htmlEditorContainer").dxHtmlEditor({
        toolbar: {
            // Adds a toolbar item that allows users to insert variables
            items: [ "variable" ]
        },
        variables: {
            dataSource: [ "FirstName", "LastName", "Company" ],
            escapeChar: [ "{", "}" ]
        }
    })
})
Angular
HTML
TypeScript
<dx-html-editor>
    <!-- Adds a toolbar item that allows users to insert variables -->
    <dxo-toolbar>
        <dxi-item name="variable"></dxi-item>
    </dxo-toolbar>
    <dxo-variables
        [dataSource]="[ 'FirstName', 'LastName', 'Company' ]"
        [escapeChar]="[ '{', '}' ]">
    </dxo-variables>
</dx-html-editor>
import { DxHtmlEditorModule } from "devextreme-angular";
// ...
export class AppComponent {
    // ...
}
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        // ...
        DxHtmlEditorModule
    ],
    // ...
})
Vue
App.vue
<template>
    <DxHtmlEditor ... >
        <!-- Adds a toolbar item that allows users to insert variables -->
        <DxToolbar>
            <DxItem name="variable" />
        </DxToolbar>
        <DxVariables
            :data-source="variables"
            :escape-char="escapeCharacters"
        />
    </DxHtmlEditor>
</template>

<script>
import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';

import DxHtmlEditor, {
    DxToolbar,
    DxItem,
    DxVariables
} from 'devextreme-vue/html-editor';

export default {
    components: {
        DxHtmlEditor,
        DxVariables
    },
    data() {
        return {
            variables: ['FirstName', 'LastName', 'Company'],
            escapeCharacters: ['{', '}']
        };
    }
}
</script>
React
App.js
import 'devextreme/dist/css/dx.light.css';

import HtmlEditor, {
    Variables
} from 'devextreme-react/html-editor';

const variables = ['FirstName', 'LastName', 'Company'];
const escapeCharacters = ['{', '}'];

export default function App() {
    return (
        <HtmlEditor>
            {/* Adds a toolbar item that allows users to insert variables */}
            <Toolbar>
                <Item name="variable" />
            </Toolbar>
            <Variables
                dataSource={variables}
                escapeChar={escapeCharacters}
            />
        </HtmlEditor>
    );
}

visible

Specifies whether the UI component is visible.

Type:

Boolean

Default Value: true

width

Specifies the UI component's width.

Type:

Number

|

String

|

Function

Return Value:

Number

|

String

The UI component's width.

Default Value: undefined

This property accepts a value of one of the following types:

  • Number
    The width in pixels.

  • String
    A CSS-accepted measurement of width. For example, "55px", "80%", "auto", "inherit".

  • Function
    A function returning either of the above. For example:

    JavaScript
    width: function() {
        return window.innerWidth / 1.5;
    }