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Edit State Management

Our DataGrid component manages its edit state automatically. If your use case requires full control over the editing process, you can use the API members below to manage state manually. In this demo, we manage state with a help of the RxJS library.

Backend API
<dx-load-panel [position]="loadPanelPosition" [visible]="isLoading"> </dx-load-panel> <dx-data-grid id="gridContainer" keyExpr="OrderID" [dataSource]="orders$ | async" [showBorders]="true" [repaintChangesOnly]="true" (onSaving)="onSaving($event)" > <dxo-editing mode="row" [allowAdding]="true" [allowDeleting]="true" [allowUpdating]="true" [(changes)]="changes" [(editRowKey)]="editRowKey" ></dxo-editing> <dxi-column dataField="OrderID" [allowEditing]="false"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="ShipName"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="ShipCountry"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="ShipCity"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="ShipAddress"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="OrderDate" dataType="date"></dxi-column> <dxi-column dataField="Freight"></dxi-column> </dx-data-grid> <div class="options"> <div class="caption">Options</div> <div class="option"> <span>Edit Row Key:</span> <div id="editRowKey">{{ editRowKey === null ? "null" : editRowKey.toString() }}</div> </div> <div class="option"> <span>Changes:</span> <div id="changes">{{ changesText }}</div> </div> </div>
import { NgModule, Component, OnInit, OnDestroy, enableProdMode, } from '@angular/core'; import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser'; import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic'; import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http'; import { DxLoadPanelModule } from 'devextreme-angular'; import { Observable, Subscription } from 'rxjs'; import { DxDataGridModule, DxDataGridTypes } from 'devextreme-angular/ui/data-grid'; import { Service, Order, Change } from './app.service'; if (!/localhost/.test( { enableProdMode(); } @Component({ selector: 'demo-app', templateUrl: 'app/app.component.html', styleUrls: ['app/app.component.css'], providers: [Service], preserveWhitespaces: true, }) export class AppComponent implements OnInit, OnDestroy { ordersSubscription: Subscription; orders$: Observable<Order[]>; changes: Change<Order>[] = []; editRowKey?: number = null; isLoading = false; loadPanelPosition = { of: '#gridContainer' }; constructor(private service: Service) { } ngOnInit() { this.orders$ = this.service.getOrders(); this.isLoading = true; this.ordersSubscription = this.orders$.subscribe(() => { this.isLoading = false; }); } get changesText(): string { return JSON.stringify( => ({ type: change.type, key: change.type !== 'insert' ? change.key : undefined, data:, })), null, ' '); } onSaving(e: DxDataGridTypes.SavingEvent) { const change = e.changes[0]; if (change) { e.cancel = true; e.promise = this.processSaving(change); } } async processSaving(change: Change<Order>) { this.isLoading = true; try { await this.service.saveChange(change); this.editRowKey = null; this.changes = []; } finally { this.isLoading = false; } } ngOnDestroy() { this.ordersSubscription.unsubscribe(); } } @NgModule({ imports: [ BrowserModule, DxDataGridModule, DxLoadPanelModule, HttpClientModule, ], declarations: [AppComponent], bootstrap: [AppComponent], }) export class AppModule { } platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);
::ng-deep #gridContainer { height: 440px; } .options { padding: 20px; margin-top: 20px; background-color: rgba(191, 191, 191, 0.15); } .caption { margin-bottom: 10px; font-weight: 500; font-size: 18px; } .option { margin-bottom: 10px; } .option > span { position: relative; margin-right: 10px; } ::ng-deep .option > div { display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; }
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core'; import { HttpClient, HttpParams } from '@angular/common/http'; import { BehaviorSubject, Observable, lastValueFrom } from 'rxjs'; import applyChanges from 'devextreme/data/apply_changes'; export class Order { OrderID: number; ShipName: string; ShipCountry: string; ShipCity: string; ShipAddress: string; OrderDate: string; Freight: number; } export class Change<T> { type: 'insert' | 'update' | 'remove'; key: string; data: Partial<T>; } class Response<T> { data: T[]; } @Injectable() export class Service { private orders$ = new BehaviorSubject<Order[]>([]); private url = ''; constructor(private http: HttpClient) { } updateOrders(change: Change<Order>, data: Order) { = data; const orders = applyChanges(this.orders$.getValue(), [change], { keyExpr: 'OrderID' }); this.orders$.next(orders); } getOrders(): Observable<Order[]> { lastValueFrom(this.http.get(`${this.url}/Orders?skip=700`, { withCredentials: true })) .then((data: Response<Order>) => { this.orders$.next(; }); return this.orders$.asObservable(); } async insert(change: Change<Order>): Promise<Order> { const httpParams = new HttpParams({ fromObject: { values: JSON.stringify( } }); const httpOptions = { withCredentials: true, body: httpParams }; const data = await lastValueFrom(<Order>(`${this.url}/InsertOrder`, httpParams, httpOptions)); this.updateOrders(change, data); return data; } async update(change: Change<Order>): Promise<Order> { const httpParams = new HttpParams({ fromObject: { key: change.key, values: JSON.stringify( } }); const httpOptions = { withCredentials: true, body: httpParams }; const data = await lastValueFrom(this.http.put<Order>(`${this.url}/UpdateOrder`, httpParams, httpOptions)); this.updateOrders(change, data); return data; } async remove(change: Change<Order>): Promise<Order> { const httpParams = new HttpParams({ fromObject: { key: change.key } }); const httpOptions = { withCredentials: true, body: httpParams }; const data = await lastValueFrom(this.http.delete<Order>(`${this.url}/DeleteOrder`, httpOptions)); this.updateOrders(change, data); return data; } async saveChange(change: Change<Order>): Promise<Order> { switch (change.type) { case 'insert': return this.insert(change); case 'update': return this.update(change); case 'remove': return this.remove(change); } } }
// In real applications, you should not transpile code in the browser. // You can see how to create your own application with Angular and DevExtreme here: // const componentNames = [ 'accordion', 'action-sheet', 'autocomplete', 'bar-gauge', 'box', 'bullet', 'button-group', 'button', 'calendar', 'chart', 'check-box', 'circular-gauge', 'color-box', 'context-menu', 'data-grid', 'date-box', 'date-range-box', 'defer-rendering', 'diagram', 'draggable', 'drawer', 'drop-down-box', 'drop-down-button', 'file-manager', 'file-uploader', 'filter-builder', 'form', 'funnel', 'gallery', 'gantt', 'html-editor', 'linear-gauge', 'list', 'load-indicator', 'load-panel', 'lookup', 'map', 'menu', 'multi-view', 'nested', 'number-box', 'pie-chart', 'pivot-grid-field-chooser', 'pivot-grid', 'polar-chart', 'popover', 'popup', 'progress-bar', 'radio-group', 'range-selector', 'range-slider', 'recurrence-editor', 'resizable', 'responsive-box', 'sankey', 'scheduler', 'scroll-view', 'select-box', 'slider', 'sortable', 'sparkline', 'speed-dial-action', 'splitter', 'switch', 'tab-panel', 'tabs', 'tag-box', 'text-area', 'text-box', 'tile-view', 'toast', 'toolbar', 'tooltip', 'tree-list', 'tree-map', 'tree-view', 'validation-group', 'validation-summary', 'validator', 'vector-map', ]; window.exports = window.exports || {}; window.config = { transpiler: 'ts', typescriptOptions: { module: 'system', emitDecoratorMetadata: true, experimentalDecorators: true, }, meta: { 'typescript': { 'exports': 'ts', }, 'devextreme/time_zone_utils.js': { 'esModule': true, }, 'devextreme/localization.js': { 'esModule': true, }, 'devextreme/viz/palette.js': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/platform-browser': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/core': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/common': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/common/http': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/animations': { 'esModule': true, }, '@angular/forms': { 'esModule': true, }, }, paths: { 'npm:': '', 'bundles:': '../../../../bundles/', }, map: { 'ts': 'npm:plugin-typescript@4.2.4/lib/plugin.js', 'typescript': 'npm:typescript@4.2.4/lib/typescript.js', /* @angular */ '@angular/compiler': 'bundles:@angular/compiler.umd.js', '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic': 'bundles:@angular/platform-browser-dynamic.umd.js', '@angular/core': 'bundles:@angular/core.umd.js', '@angular/core/primitives/signals': 'bundles:@angular/core.primitives.signals.umd.js', '@angular/common': 'bundles:@angular/common.umd.js', '@angular/common/http': 'bundles:@angular/common-http.umd.js', '@angular/platform-browser': 'bundles:@angular/platform-browser.umd.js', '@angular/platform-browser/animations': 'bundles:@angular/platform-browser.umd.js', '@angular/forms': 'bundles:@angular/forms.umd.js', /* devextreme */ 'devextreme': 'npm:devextreme@24.1.3/cjs', '@devextreme/runtime': 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@3.0.13', 'devextreme/bundles/dx.all': 'npm:devextreme@24.1.3/bundles/dx.all.js', 'devextreme-quill': 'npm:devextreme-quill@1.7.1/dist/dx-quill.min.js', 'devexpress-diagram': 'npm:devexpress-diagram@2.2.8', 'devexpress-gantt': 'npm:devexpress-gantt@4.1.56', /* devextreme-angular umd maps */ 'devextreme-angular': 'bundles:devextreme-angular/devextreme-angular.umd.js', 'devextreme-angular/core': 'bundles:devextreme-angular/devextreme-angular-core.umd.js', ...componentNames.reduce((acc, name) => { acc[`devextreme-angular/ui/${name}`] = `bundles:devextreme-angular/devextreme-angular-ui-${name}.umd.js`; return acc; }, {}), 'jszip': 'npm:jszip@3.10.1/dist/jszip.min.js', 'tslib': 'npm:tslib@2.6.1/tslib.js', 'rxjs': 'npm:rxjs@7.5.3/dist/bundles/rxjs.umd.js', 'rxjs/operators': 'npm:rxjs@7.5.3/dist/cjs/operators/index.js', 'rrule': 'npm:rrule@2.6.4/dist/es5/rrule.js', 'luxon': 'npm:luxon@1.28.1/build/global/luxon.min.js', 'es6-object-assign': 'npm:es6-object-assign@1.1.0', 'inferno': 'npm:inferno@7.4.11/dist/inferno.min.js', 'inferno-compat': 'npm:inferno-compat/dist/inferno-compat.min.js', 'inferno-create-element': 'npm:inferno-create-element@7.4.11/dist/inferno-create-element.min.js', 'inferno-dom': 'npm:inferno-dom/dist/inferno-dom.min.js', 'inferno-hydrate': 'npm:inferno-hydrate@7.4.11/dist/inferno-hydrate.min.js', 'inferno-clone-vnode': 'npm:inferno-clone-vnode/dist/inferno-clone-vnode.min.js', 'inferno-create-class': 'npm:inferno-create-class/dist/inferno-create-class.min.js', 'inferno-extras': 'npm:inferno-extras/dist/inferno-extras.min.js', // Prettier 'prettier/standalone': 'npm:prettier@2.8.8/standalone.js', 'prettier/parser-html': 'npm:prettier@2.8.8/parser-html.js', }, packages: { 'app': { main: './app.component.ts', defaultExtension: 'ts', }, 'devextreme': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, 'devextreme/events/utils': { main: 'index', }, 'devextreme/events': { main: 'index', }, 'es6-object-assign': { main: './index.js', defaultExtension: 'js', }, 'rxjs': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, 'rxjs/operators': { defaultExtension: 'js', }, }, packageConfigPaths: [ 'npm:@devextreme/*/package.json', 'npm:@devextreme/runtime@3.0.13/inferno/package.json', 'npm:rxjs@7.5.3/package.json', 'npm:rxjs@7.5.3/operators/package.json', 'npm:devexpress-diagram@2.2.8/package.json', 'npm:devexpress-gantt@4.1.56/package.json', ], }; System.config(window.config); // System.import('@angular/compiler').catch(console.error.bind(console));
<!DOCTYPE html> <html xmlns="" lang="en"> <head> <title>DevExtreme Demo</title> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" /> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=5.0" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="" /> <script src=""></script> <script src=""></script> <script src=""></script> <script src=""></script> <script src="config.js"></script> <script> System.import("app").catch(console.error.bind(console)); </script> </head> <body class="dx-viewport"> <div class="demo-container"> <demo-app>Loading...</demo-app> </div> </body> </html>

Component Properties

  • editing.editRowKey
    The key for the row being edited.

  • editing.editColumnName
    The name or data field of the column being edited.

  • editing.changes
    Pending row changes.

Use these properties to access and change edit state. Two-way bind them to component properties so that you can get and set the properties at runtime. In this demo, we bind the editRowKey and changes properties to display their values under the DataGrid.

Utility Method

Event Handlers

  • onSaving / onSaved
    Functions that are called before / after pending row changes are saved via the UI or programmatically.

  • onEditCanceling / onEditCanceled
    Functions that are called before / after editing is canceled and pending row changes are discarded.

Use these functions to perform custom actions. In this demo, the onSaving function sends pending changes to a server. The function's parameter e contains fields for this capability. To implement the same in your application, follow these steps:

  1. Disable built-in edit state management
    Set the e.cancel field to true.

  2. Send a request to the server
    Pending changes are stored in the e.changes array. This array has only a single element in all edit modes, except for batch. Check if this element is not empty and send it to the server (see the processSaving method in app.component.ts and the saveChange method in app.service.ts).

  3. Apply the same changes to the DataGrid's data source
    If the server successfully saves changes, call the applyChanges method to save the same changes in the DataGrid's data source (see the updateOrders method in app.service.ts).

  4. Reset edit state
    Assign null to the editRowKey and an empty array to the changes property (see the processSaving method in app.component.ts).